The Fifth Earth – Energy Transitions (Part 3)

Stucco friezes on El Castillo pyramid, Xunantunich, Belize. Photo by JJM (2015).


Note – this article refers to the Original Mayan Prophecies listed in Part 1 (updated)


Paradigm Shifts in the Age of Polarity

Mild Paradigm Shifts

An example of a mild paradigm shift happened for many people during and after the unexpected financial crisis of 2008. That crisis had in fact been forecasted by lone voices for quite some time before it happened. These voices were independent financial analysts who had been paying close attention to real unfolding non-mainstream events, but few people paid heed to their warnings. Virtually until the last moment, mainstream economic analysts painted a rosy picture and ignored the evident enough signs.

Although often unexpected, financial crises do happen. They are not obscure or unknown events. In fact we expect them to roll around every once in a while. In the case of the 2008 financial crash, many people could still remember the Dot Com crash of 2001 which was etched on the minds of those who worked in the IT sector back then.

An Instant Paradigm Shift

A real paradigm shift would look very different. Many ideas were floated about what would or could happen on or around December 21, 2012, some of them bordering on the fantastic: Duality would disappear, the magnetic poles would change positions or shift, instant telepathy would ensue, volcanoes would pop, earthquakes would shake and tectonic plates would shift.

Nothing of the sort happened on that day and the result was an epic let-down for many people who expected an instant paradigm shift. The one time that people actually paid attention to warning signs (although it was not very clear what they were meant to do to prepare for it), nothing happened! Thus, most people lost further interest and got on with their lives.  

A Real Material Paradigm Shift

An example of a real paradigm shift would be if we had to revert from our present day modern industrial lifestyles back to pre-industrial, traditional, agricultural lifestyles in a relatively short period of time, say, within a decade or two. Having to live with limited access to electricity for example, or without machinery or automation, would be a real paradigm shift.

Going back in time in practice would be completely counter-intuitive to what we would normally conceive of as going forward, which would be: using more advanced technology. Paradigm shifts are generally inclined to be imagined as linear events, for example all jobs being taken over by robots: a situation that would require more electricity, not less.

Shifts of the Short Ages

In the context of the Maya calendars, shifts happening from one short age to the next would constitute mild paradigm shifts. Such transitions happen within short enough time frames for most people to become aware that many things are changing at the same time (that change seems to be speeding up), but yet changes are happening slowly enough to not cause a shock to the system. At first, some people may be resistant to some of the changes, but would eventually adapt to the new paradigm.

Individuals who are somewhat traditional or more consciously autonomous would usually assess social and cultural changes according to their own personal values, principles and ethics, which they had clearly defined, and would then make conscious decisions about whether to go along with certain new trends or not.  They may eventually settle somewhere in the middle, retaining some of their old ways and adopting some of the new ones, depending on what suits them best. 

Energies at Play

Most new trends happening in society these days are generally perceived in the context of moving forward (progressing) – whether negative or positive, it is usually considered as progress none the less. That is because modern (Western) culture is not values, principles or ethics based (anymore), but trend driven. Society therefore tends to go along with whatever new is taken up by society in general, and what that is, is usually commercially driven. 

Nevertheless, few people are aware that there are also energetic movements at play in the universe which can influence real life events and trends. Metaphysical energy influences the Spirit of the Age (group consciousness) and when that shifts it causes behavioral changes in people’s attitudes and ways of thinking. These changes are usually reflected in group attitudes.

By having done away with traditional internal structures that had strong frameworks for outward conduct, group consciousness is today much more prone to being affected by the negative elements of a new Spirit of the Age than before. 

Today modern personal technologies provide a channel for the boundary-less expression, projection and broadcasting of the positive as well as the negative tendencies associated with the present Spirit of the Age, whereas previously the negative aspects would still have been constrained by the natural boundaries set by in-person face to face communications, even if internal structures had collapsed. 

Decadeology vs. Katunology

When we consult extensive online discussions about cultural changes over the decades, a practice known as ‘decadeology’, we find that there is consensus on these forums and message boards about when major cultural shifts took place (see appendix).

The objective of decadeology is to identify the distinctive culture or spirit of the age of each decade; for example how 80’s culture differed from 90’s culture. Decadeologists seem to accept that decadeology is not an exact science, because cultural shifts never seem to happen exactly at the beginning or ending of a decade.

A Maya Katun measures 19.7 years and a half-Katun measures 9.85 years.  The midpoint of a Katun indicates a peak. The two sides (halves) of a Katun are slightly  different from each other due to ascending and descending energy. Length-wise half-Katuns are equivalent to decades, but they are almost never exactly synchronized with decades

When (Gregorian) decades are compared with (Maya) Katuns and half-Katuns, it can be observed that cultural shifts tend to take place around dates closely matching Katun and half-Katun shift points.

Maya “Katunology” is therefore more accurate than Gregorian decadeology, because Katunology is based on finely calculated energy shifts corroborated with centuries of observation; is recorded in mythology and is also embedded in the symbolism of the archetypes and numbers (tones) that are used in the Maya calendars. The Gregorian calendar however does not imply any energy shifting at all and it does not contain any symbolism.

We can conclude then that the cultural shifts observed and recorded by decadeologists are (unbeknownst to them) more than likely Katun energy shifts, but observed and placed within the context of decades.

Transition Time Frames

By considering some of the actual cultural shifts of past decades by using discussions in the decadeology community as a source, we can get a feeling for the duration of time that it took for cultural shifts to occur. This gives us some understanding of the impact that shifting energy can have on group psychology and group consciousness. On average the shifts seem to take about two to four years to complete, incorporating some overlap each way.

The symbolic Maya Calendar shift point of December 21, 2012 signified both a Katuns shift point as well as a (5125 year) Great Cycle shift point. However, the energy of the new Katun took until around mid 2014, or perhaps a bit later, to really show itself.

In comparison, the Great Cycle shift, from the Maya Fourth to Fifth World, will take around 200 years to reach completion when factoring in its combined transition, gestation and maturation stages. The transition period alone is likely to take around 40 years (as discussed in Part 2).

Instant paradigm shifts are therefore very rare occurrences, because even shifts between short ages (19.7 year Katuns) take as long as three to four years.

From a Jungian perspective, periodic expectations for instant paradigm shifts more than likely stem from archetypical impulses within our consciousness. Certain archetypes within our psyche subconsciously recognize or pick up on (imminent) energy shifts, but these archetypes are unable to interpret the duration of time that the shifts would take to complete or manifest.

These instinctual archetypal early warning impulses are most probably subconscious markers and indicators that have the purpose of prompting us to action. However, working out how we should prepare for change is something that has to be done consciously on an intellectual level and then it has to be applied on a practical level. Few people follow through on this part of the process. 

An Age of Polarity

Today, in 2017, the polarity of Katun 2 Ahau (2012 – 2032) is clear to see, but the arrival of such strong polarity with polarization as a result has been counter-intuitive to the expectations that many people had had for a post-2012 world: a linear progression towards harmony. One of the reasons for such an expectation was that the previous Katun, Katun 4 Ahau (1993 – 2012) was relatively well balanced in nature.

However, evolution is not linear, it is cyclical. The fact that our (Western) civilization makes use of a modern, non-cyclical (Gregorian) calendar, means that most people have been out of the energy loop. If more attention were paid to Katun shifts as opposed to mainly the Great Cycle shift, and if it were not approached solely from a linear perspective, we may have been more prepared for the high level of polarity that we can observe almost everywhere right now.

Having said that, even non-linearity has energetic continuity by design: energetically speaking Katun 4 Ahau (1993 – 2012) had the natural purpose of preparing us for Katun 2 Ahau (2012 – 2032). During the highly spiritual Katun 4 Ahau we were meant to prepare for the volatile dualism of Katun 2 Ahau. 

Spiritually speaking, this could also be viewed from the perspective of human souls being in training: The personal development that had been achieved on an individual level during Katun 4 Ahau is now being tested on a group level in Katun 2 Ahau.

As we shall see later on (to be explored more in a future article), if we have forgotten what we have learned during the previous Katun, we can still capitalize on its benefits now, even in retrospect.

Younger people who have not experienced Katun 4 Ahau can benefit from both Katuns, as they have the advantage of learning directly from the volatile energies of the present Katun while they can also benefit from the previous Katun by selectively accessing the positive elements found in its artefacts (such as books, cinema, music and art).

Metaphysical Paradigm Shifts

It is important to not lose sight of the fact that there are important underlying Great Cycle factors that have already come online even if the overall Great Cycle transition will take a long time to complete. These are more subtle, growing energies and due to some of them being completely new and unknown to us, their characteristics hold the potential for generating real unexpected paradigm shifts, which may or may not be “instant”.

Shift Point 1993: From Katun 6 Ahau (1973 – 1993) to  Katun 4 Ahau (1993 – 2012)

Let us imagine now the example of someone who had become stranded on an isolated island with no communications from mid-1991 to mid-1995: a time period of around four years. On being rescued and on returning to society in 1995 this person would have been under the impression that things were more or less still the same as before they left. 

However, in the meantime while he or she was away, trends such as music, fashion, technology, and attitudes had changed to the extent that by 1995 they fully embodied the general trends of the 1990’s, as opposed to  those of the late 80’s (and early 90’s), which were very different. Our returnee may have been surprised that so many things had changed virtually overnight. However, adjusting to the new paradigm would not have been too difficult, notwithstanding the slight culture shock, because things had not changed that much either.

Decadeologists seem to be in agreement about the actual cultural shift point between the 80’s and 90’s having been in 1993 and not in 1990 as one would have imagined. 

By 1995 the general atmosphere in the developed world, particularly in the English speaking countries, incorporated some, or all of the following characteristics: a general positive outlook for the future and a sense that peace was increasing in the world (it was still post Cold War and politically speaking the world was warming up again); a relatively good level of civility and courtesy amongst people and a live-and-let-live philosophy; strong individuality in the sense of personal autonomy; a relatively good level of trust amongst people; a relatively strong concern for the environment; mostly free-range childhoods; just the right amount of technology to not to take over people’s lives.

Spirituality seemed to be in a revival and books such as The Alchemist and The Celestine Prophecy were popular. The television series Friends was growing in popularity and would later become one of the most watched television series of all time. The film Groundhog Day was notable for its depiction of the trials and tribulations of personal development in a humorous and entertaining way.

Shift Point 2012: From Katun 4 Ahau (1993 – 2012) to Katun 2 Ahau (2012 – 2032)

Lets return to our example of a castaway with no communications, but this time lets imagine that the person was away from mid-2010 to mid-2014: also a duration of about 4 years. The actual shift point was in 2012, but the transition took a couple of years to manifest and there was some overlap both ways.

On returning in 2014 they would perhaps have been surprised to see virtually everyone, young and old, walking around with Smartphone’s or other mobile devices. That trend had already started in 2010, but it was much less ubiquitous back then. However, by 2014 social networking had more or less completely taken over all social and non professional communications.

As for music, art, fashion and creativity, there seems to be consensus on decadeology forums about the lack of anything new happening and that there was a general lack of quality in the early and mid twenty-tens.

By mid-2014 and especially by the start of 2015, the general atmosphere in the developed world already incorporated some of the following characteristics: a general negative outlook for the future and a growing sense that peace was decreasing in the world (2014 was a record year for world conflicts [see appendix]) ; a much deteriorated level of civility and courtesy amongst people, especially online; a victim-hood mentality with the attitude that the world and other people owed people something; weak individuality in terms of personal autonomy combined with high levels of group conformity; rapidly deteriorating levels of trust amongst people; a limited concern for the environment; childhoods featuring parents being over-protective on the one hand and outsourcing parenting to teachers and personal devices on the other; personal technologies having in general more or less completely taken over people’s lives.

Other features were that gender relations were taking a turn for the worst, race relations were deteriorating, sectarian, cultural and religious conflicts and their negative effects were dominating the news more than ever and protests, especially in the developed world, were visibly increasing – and were becoming ever more violent. While some of these protests seemed to have legitimate causes, others seemed to be for superficial or artificial reasons and it often came across as if people were protesting “for the sake of it”, or simply to be part of group activities. 

The Book Fifty Shades of Grey crossed the 100 million sales mark in 2014, whilst amongst others, television series such as Black Mirror and  Game of Thrones were getting huge ratings on television. On the big screen the Hunger Games – Mockingjay was raking it in at the box office.

The Yin and Yang of the Katuns

Naturally, neither of the above examples tell the whole story – all ages have their positives and negatives, balance and imbalance and dark and light. However, the atmosphere of Katun 4 Ahau was very well balanced in general, while Katun 2 Ahau is rather unbalanced in comparison. The Spirit of the Age of each of these examples conform with the symbolism found in their numbers: 4 = balance & harmony; 2 = duality & polarity. That’s not to say that positive things are not happening now, but they seem to be less obvious than the negatives.

Dealing with Duality                

On the surface of it then, with having some perspective of how the present spirit of the age differs from the one before, it should not be too difficult for us to conclude that there are various things that we can do in order to work with the elevated levels of polarity present in this present age.

More than anything, a starting point for each individual could be to define or redefine personal values. Continuously shifting energy, a strong feature of Katun 2 Ahau, is likely to test individual integrity and group values on a regular basis by highlighting inconsistencies, double standards and hypocrisy.

With the influence of the Fifth Element assisting in this process, the ideal energetic circumstances have thus been created by the universe to prompt clarifying and refining personal values and personal beliefs, whether ideological or otherwise. To learn how to clearly distinguish between right and wrong is, after all, one of the very objectives of the principle of duality. 

Paradigm Balancers and Pillar Raisers

There are also other things we can do to avoid falling into the natural traps of polarization: We could revert back to levels of etiquette and social behavior as practiced during Katun 4 Ahau; we could treat people online in the same way as we treat people off-line; we can set boundaries, show respect and insist on mutual respect in return; we can wean ourselves off excessive use of personal technologies and set time aside for personal development; we can assume more personal responsibility in shaping our social culture; we can foster self-responsibility within our children and promote that in society in general, thereby dissolving the all-pervasive victim-hood culture present in the developed world today.

The Tzolkin as a Guidance System

Positive values, traits and characteristics are naturally embedded in the energies of the day in the sacred Maya Tzolkin calendar. By following the Tzolkin on a daily basis and by paying attention to the higher qualities contained in the combined energies of each day, we can acquire, embrace and come to embody natural, organic and consistent universal values that would not only serve our selves, but would also serve our communities and our environment, regardless of the Katun that we are in.

At the same time it would strengthen conscious personal autonomy and individual identity by getting to know our intrinsic archetypical traits on an individual level. Moreover, it would make us more prepared for dealing with some of the real paradigm shifts that we will be encountering during the rest of Katun 2 Ahau.   

To be continued…     

J.J. Montagnier is a futurologist and travelosopher based in South America. He has an interest in anthropology, mythology, psychology and spirituality. His writings on the Mayan calendars are influenced by his knowledge of Jungian psychology and are also intuitively inspired. The author visited Central America in 2015 to do research on the subject.

This article has been written for general consumption and some concepts have been simplified. The views and opinions are those of the author.  Creative license has been applied to make some concepts more accessible.

Copyright © 2017 · All Rights Reserved · Gypsy Café

Please note: References to and excerpts from this article may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to the author and with appropriate and specific direction to the original content: please use the  page address (URL) in the browser.

Internet Resources:

Main resources:

The Book of Destiny – Unlocking the Secrets of the Ancient Mayans and the Prophecy of 2012, by Carlos Barrios (published in 2009). [1] [2].

The Mayan Prophecies – The Renewal of the World 2012 – 2072, by Kenneth Johnson, (published in 2012).

The Maya Katun Prophecies, by Bruce Schofield (article: Alternate Perceptions, 1996).

The Book of Chilam Balam of Chumayel, by Ralph Roys (published in 1933).

The Long and Short of the Mayan Calendar (Published in The Mountain Astrologer, Dec 2004 /Jan 2005) By Bruce Scofield

The Fifth Earth – Energy Transitions (Part 2)

Cahal Pech – Archaeological site, San Ignacio, Belize. Photo by JJM (2015)


Note – this article refers to the Original Mayan Prophecies listed in Part 1 (updated)


The Valley of Shadows in The Landscape of Light

After Dark

So-called “dark ages” are not only dark. They are also light. Although we tend to view dark ages with some trepidation, or perhaps even with fear, they serve an important role. It is during dark times that we seek out our own light and the light of others. It is dark times that show up the shadows in the world and bring them to the surface. It is only by being confronted by darkness that we can truly aspire to light. Thus, from darkness comes light.

One cycle leads to another and one prepares us for the other. In other words, the whole process should be approached with a certain attitude: An understanding that cycles, whether light or dark, are evolutionary in nature and in purpose, and that we are able to work with these energies, either way.

The Mayan Fifth World, a 5125 year great cycle that started at the end of 2012 is said to hold immense opportunity for spiritual growth. Presently we are still transitioning into the Fifth World, while slowly pulling out of the Fourth. By seeing the opportunities that this transition holds for personal transformation, we can all become conscious co-creators of the new world as we transition into it.  

Knowing the Energies

By knowing the characteristics of energies we are able to know how to work with them. Knowing them can allow us to step over some of their negative manifestations and we can know how to fully experience and gain from their positive influences. This happens by honoring the symbolism of the energies by integrating their purpose in our thought processes and by applying that to our daily living. When we don’t know about these energies we are at their disposal rather than the other way around.

The easiest way for newcomers to the Mayan calendars to start knowing the archetypes that embody the energies is to follow the sacred Tzolkin calendar on a daily basis. This opens up a broader understanding of the cyclical nature and the interactions of the characteristics of the various energies with each other. For example, the continuity from one cycle to the next becomes apparent and the repetitive nature of them in an altered form every time, in a gradual, never-ending, cyclical, but overall linear progression of renewal eventually comes into view. 

Where we are presently

Presently (from 2012 to 2032) we are in two very long light ages and one short dark age. Oxlajuj Tiku is a 676 year cycle that started in 1987. The Mayan Fifth World, is a 5125 year Great Cycle that started at the end of 2012. Both of these long cycles are considered to have energetic characteristics that are very positive and light. Katun 2 Ahau is a 19.7 year short cycle that started on 22 December 2012 and will end on 7 September 2032. This short cycle has symbolism and energy that relates more to a negative cycle, or dark age, due to its polarity.

Katun 2 Ahau appears to have the strongest influence right now, as shorter cycles have a tendency to be stronger in overt influence. The two underlying cycles of light are currently more subtle in their influence. However their influence will increase as time progresses within the context of cycles progressing in a wave like motion, with a wave being low in energy at its beginning and high at its peak.

What we are going through

Katun 2 Ahau that started in 2012 and ends in 2032 will be followed up by another 19.7 year short dark age, Katun 13 Ahau which ends on May 25, 2052. These two volatile Katuns add up to 39.4 years in total. Afterwards, on May 26 2052, Katun 11 Ahau will follow which would be a 19.7 year age of light. However, as mentioned before, and it is always worth keeping in mind: no dark age has ever been without light and no light age has ever been without dark. Essentially we are passing through a temporary dark phase during an overall long light period. Put differently, we are traversing a valley of shadows in the overall landscape of light.

Where we are going to

Symbolically speaking, the year 2052 would be very significant, because from that year onwards we will be in three light ages at the same time, overlapping and blending with each other. It would also be the point at which, if all goes well, we should complete the forty year Fourth to Fifth World great cycle transition phase. By then the energies of the two underlying long light ages would have grown stronger in influence and we would have pulled out of most of the Fourth World’s influence. The Fifth World’s gestation period should commence around 2052 and most of the transition turmoil should be behind us. 

Premature Fear and Ecstasy

The Mayan Fifth World’s energy will therefore only be fully active in a couple of hundred years when all growth stages; transition, gestation and maturation have been completed. Virtually everyone who wrote about 2012 forgot to factor these in, which explains why “nothing happened” on 21 December 2012. That date simply marked the beginning of a 40 year long transition phase and we are currently 5 years into it (at the time of writing in 2017). The upside is that the world didn’t end and we still have time to prepare for the changes ahead. 

Focusing on the Horizon

Our main interest is naturally in completing the transition process successfully, because this will take up most of the rest of our lives. It is however very important to remain cognizant of the bigger picture in order to know where we are going to, so that we can make it through to 2052. While symbolically keeping that arrival point in mind and knowing where we are heading, we can then focus more specifically on the immediate and near future: the next 15 years – the rest of Katun 2 Ahau.  (We will do so in-depth in the next installment of this series).

Transition, Gestation & Maturation

Please see the list of cycles and prophecies in PART 1

Before we continue further, it is important to be aware of how the transition period has been calculated. Although specific information about the length of the great cycle’s transition length is hard to come by, we do know that all cycles have transition, gestation and maturation phases. Fortunately, details about the length of growth phases of other cycles, such as the 676 year Oxlajuj Tiku cycle that started up in 1987, are available.

In The Book of Destiny we learn from Carlos Barrios that the Oxlajuj Tiku cycle’s transition stage lasted 5 years, from the cycle starting point in 1987 until 1992. Following that was a gestation period of 9 years, from 1992 to 2001 and then finally there was a period of maturation that lasted for another 13 years, from 2001 to 2014. In other words this cycle only became fully active 27 years after it had started.

By using the Oxlajuj Tiku cycle’s details we can thereby make a somewhat basic, or perhaps rudimentary, calculation to arrive at the approximate length of the great cycle’s transition: The amount of times that 676 (length of the Oxlajuj Tiku cycle) fits into 5125 (length of the great cycle), which is: 7.581 times (seven point five eight one), can be multiplied with the length of the Oxlajuj Tiku’s transition stage, which is 5 years. (The Oxlajuj Tiku cycle is 7.581 times smaller than the great cycle.) 

That gives us a rough estimation, proportionally speaking, of the transition length for the great cycle: the Mayan Fifth World. The result is roughly 38 years (37.9 years to be exact) and that figure matches closely to the 39.4 years of the combined period of the Katuns 2 and 13 Ahau – and it also coincides with the dates of those Katuns: 2012 – 2052.

Energetically speaking it makes logical sense that the transition stage from the Fourth to the Fifth worlds would happen during the last two Katuns in the overall  256 year Katuns cycle,  and that those Katuns would also happen to be two of the most volatile Katuns overall. This much is also alluded to by Bruce Scofield, in his article The Maya Katun Prophecies.

Everything has purpose

It becomes clear to anyone who studies this subject that there is an energetic process at work in the universe. If there is a process at work there must be purpose to such a process. Becoming aware of the energetic cycles gives us a glimpse of the evolutionary processes organised by the hidden hand of the universe. Every stage of development has purpose and each stage is a preparatory stage for the next one, whether dark or light.

As Above, so Below

The Fifth World is prophesied to ultimately result in a state of harmony after the transition, gestation and maturation stages have completed. However, for humans to be compatible with such a state or condition implies that they would have to go through a significant spiritual transformation or even a spiritual transmutation process during the transition phase. 

To date – most probably due to comfort zones and distractions – it would seem that humans in general would probably not be taking the initiative to transform themselves in time – and indeed, it is questionable whether the majority of people have the wherewithal of doing so. Besides, we have almost run out of time in terms of altering our approach to resource depletion and climate change. 

Thus, one could argue that theoretically speaking, in order to assist humanity with an internal transformation – a prophetic requirement for entering the Fifth World – the external environment would have to change profoundly in order to bring such a huge internal change about within people.

This scenario fits the prophecies for Katuns 2 and 13 Ahau perfectly. The energies are lined up exactly as they should be in order to bring about a grand renewal of the world, externally and internally. 

Why am I here, now?

At this point we may wonder why we as individuals have to go through this process. If we factor in the journey of the soul in Mayan mythology, than we may wonder why we, as journeying souls, would choose to be here, right now. Why would we not choose to arrive in the world at the peak of a great cycle when spirituality and consciousness would be at its highest point? Surely that would be much more enriching and much more fun? The answer is that we have, perhaps, chosen to be in the world at a point that holds the highest potential for spiritual growth and such times are not necessarily meant to be the easiest of times.

If we choose not to take responsibility for being here, we can simply let all the changes sweep us along and hope for the best. Alternatively, we can take responsibility for being here at this time and consciously assist in the birthing of the New World – and by doing so we would arrive at our full potential as participating humans in the cycles of life. 

Individual Purpose

In order to participate in the renewal of the world individuals need to become familiar with their own purpose and their destiny. That can be achieved through the sacred Mayan Tzolkin and The Mayan Cross. These tools are ideal to work with for comprehensive self-discovery and readers are encouraged to start exploring their place in the world and to become acquainted with their deep authentic inner selves, which would automatically lead the way. 

In the next article we will delve into the Spirit of the Age of recent and future Katuns and consider how we can use this Katun to prepare for the next one. This will illustrate how both hindsight and foresight, in the context of the Mayan calendars, can be very useful in the real world.

Continue to Part 3 >> 

In-depth Mayan Cross readings can be ordered from Mayan Majix and Kenneth Johnson.

Daily sacred Tzolkin posts with integrated mythology can be found at Mark Elmy’s site The Four Pillars. 

Free personal Mayan Cross summarised reports can be found at My Mayan Sign. 


J.J. Montagnier is a futurologist and writer based in South America. He has an interest in anthropology, archeology, mythology, psychology and spirituality. His writings on the Mayan calendars are influenced by his knowledge of Jungian psychology and are also intuitively inspired. The author visited Central America in 2015 to do research on the subject.

This article has been written for general consumption and some concepts have been simplified. The views and opinions are those of the author.  Creative license has been applied to make some concepts more accessible. 


The following main sources have been consulted during the writing of this article:

  1. The Book of Destiny – Unlocking the Secrets of the Ancient Mayans and the Prophecy of 2012, by Carlos Barrios (published in 2009). [1] [2]. 
  2. The Mayan Prophecies – The Renewal of the World 2012 – 2072, by Kenneth Johnson, (published in 2012).
  3. The Maya Katun Prophecies, by Bruce Schofield (article: Alternate Perceptions, 1996).
  4. The Book of Chilam Balam of Chumayel, by Ralph Roys (published in 1933).
  5. The Long and Short of the Mayan Calendar (Published in The Mountain Astrologer, Dec 2004 /Jan 2005) By Bruce Scofield

Copyright © 2017 · All Rights Reserved · Gypsy Café

Please note: References to and excerpts from this article may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to the author and with appropriate and specific direction to the original content: please use the  page address (URL) in the browser. 

Plaza A with Structure A1, Cahal Pech, San Ignacio, Belize. Photo by JJM (2015).


The Fifth Earth – Energy Transitions (Part 1)

Temple view, Yaxhá, Petén province, Guatemala (Photo: JJM – 2015)


*For background on the Mayan Fifth World and the Fifth Element, please see: The Maya World Tree

Apocalypse Now

The first five years of the new Great Cycle, The Mayan Fifth World, have probably turned out much less apocalyptic than initially forecasted, considering the dire predictions for 2012, notwithstanding a lot of upheaval since then. In the years leading up to 2012 many leaders and their followers in the Mayanism movement threw bits and pieces of a broad selection of prophecies from a range of indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica, North America (and sometimes even Asia) all together and then projected them onto one day, December 21, 2012. By doing that all context and time frames were lost and since then the majority of self-proclaimed experts have disappeared into the proverbial ether (and perhaps we could be forgiven for being somewhat critical of their approach in retrospect). 

However, when you do a more in-depth analysis of the original Mayan prophecies, you come to realize that it’s early days yet. Energetically the most volatile times of the overall shift of ages are still ahead of us. Very significant events can be expected to occur during the next thirty five years and they will have to do with metaphysical as well as physical energy configurations.

The Original Mayan Prophecies

The original Mayan prophecies originate from within various aspects of this ancient civilization’s rich history and culture, a culture that has spanned over more than 12000 years, by Mayan estimations [1]). Today, many of their prophecies are still accessible and can be found in various places, (a) such as in the Mayan Codices that had survived the Spanish conquest, for instance in the books of Chilam Balam; (b) in ancient Mayan mythologies, for example in the Mayan creation story, and on various stone stellae at archeological sites in Mesoamerica; (c) on murals in excavated Mayan pyramid inner rooms and (d) on preserved ceramics displayed or found in museums and private collections and (e) several of the ancient Mayan calendar systems have prophecies naturally embedded within them by design.

Serious modern day scholars and archaeologists would usually refer to some or several of the above mentioned sources. There are also prophecies that had been passed down from generation to generation through folklore and by word of mouth and they would usually be unknown to those outside the Mayan culture.

This article and the one following it will selectively focus on accessible Mayan prophecies from authentic sources that are specifically relevant to our discussion. Our purpose is to consider the prophecies which can be correlated with real events that have taken place in the not too distant past and we will look at the symbolism of the prophecies for the near and the intermediate future.

Time, Space and Energy

First, in order to have a general understanding of how the Mayans perceived and measured time, a few time related concepts need to be taken into account first: The Mayan perception of time encompasses energy and space. Everything contains, and therefore, is energy. The energies measured or followed, emanate from the earth, the four directions and from the cosmos and everyone is affected by them.

For the Mayans, time is circular or cyclical or both, but in the long run there is an overall linear progression. Time is measured for different reasons and with different objectives. The calendars interact with each other to form cycles (or circles) within cycles. Some Mayan calendars measure agricultural cycles, while others measure human cycles and yet others are used for ceremony or prophecy. There are as many as twenty Mayan calendars in existence, but several of them have fallen out of use for various reasons.

In contemporary modern terms, few people would normally be conscious of these energies, but all people are probably subconsciously conscious of them. For example, sometimes these energies can be felt or sensed. Days, weeks and even years, “feel” different from others. However, outside of Western astrology, the idea that time periods could have different energetic patterns which could have actual practical, literal or physical effects, is not taken very seriously.

Archetypes and Symbolism

Mayan archetypes, deities or gods were assigned to express, depict and present the characteristics of these energies. Thereby, time and energy were given “shape”, so to say. The traits and characteristics of these archetypes, deities and gods would then “embody” the nature of the ages, in order to understand and “see” them better. This gave time dimensional qualities that go far beyond the concept of time simply being measured as an arbitrary linear process.

Ages, millennia, decades, days and events were mapped symbolically through this method and they were also integrated within the Mayan hieroglyphic writing system. In this way the Mayans were always conscious of their position in time. They knew where they were on each day, they knew where they came from, and they knew where they were heading to, all within an energetic and symbolic context, while it also had practical implications within their community contexts.

This is the ultimate gift that the classic Mayan civilization has left to the world, and it is especially relevant during these times that we live in.  Simply put, since people in the modern world don’t generally sense the subtle energies and their influences on a daily basis, systems such as the Mesoamerican calendars can be of immense value in providing a map of the unknown. Not only that, it can allow us to anticipate the general characteristics of future time frames within particular time periods, as the Mayans did.

Circles, Cycles and Linearity

The circles and cycles that come around again or return are never absolutely the same every time. They have similar characteristics, but it is worth remembering that there are smaller cycles (and circles) within larger ones, the very large ones stretching many thousands of years into the past and future. As all these cycles turn and interact, almost like cogs in a grand energetic mechanism (or rather, organism), not all of the larger wheels would be at the same place every time when a cycle recurs.

For example, 19.7 year time frames known as Katuns, with particular characteristics, come around every 256 years (the length of the entire cycle of 13 Katuns). However, a 19.7 year Katun happening during the beginning stages of a great cycle of 5125 years would not be exactly the same as the same Katun happening somewhere in the middle of a great cycle. That is because the entire cycle of 256 years would fit into 5125 years several times over (20 times to be exact) and the great cycle would be at an energetic peak in its middle part (about 2500 years into it) while it would be at an energetic low towards its end or beginning. Therefore at the great cycle’s high point, the 19.7 year Katun would be affected by the peak energy of the 5125 year great cycle that it finds itself in, whereas at the end of the great cycle that Katun would be affected by the low energy of the great cycle. (What is meant with “high” or “low” will be explored in more detail later.)

Therefore prophecies can only ever be guidelines to how things may turn out.  Nevertheless, the accuracy and power of the prophetic Mayan calendars should not be underestimated. That is, if we can manage to read them, considering their complexity. During the rest of this article and its follow-up installment(s) we will make a humble attempt to do so.

The Ending of Cycles

We are now going to take a brief look at the endings of several significant cycles, which are also automatically the beginning of new cycles, while also very briefly considering the characteristics or prophetic relevance of each one. Later on (in the next installment) we will delve into some of the deeper symbolism of the specific prophecies related to the ending of these cycles:

  1. The 468 years dark Bolom Tiku cycle that ended in 1987: This was the end of a long dark age (and the beginning of an age of light, called Oxlajuj Tiku that will last 676 years.) Shortly after this cycle ended major events unfolded, such as the fall of the Berlin Wall (1989), the end of the Soviet Union (1991), the end of Apartheid (1991-94) and the beginning of the Northern Ireland Peace process (1994).
  2. The 5125 year 4th Great Cycle, also known as the Mayan 4th World, that ended on 21 December 2012: This was the end of a very long cycle ruled by masculine energy and the element of water. It was also the beginning of the Mayan Fifth World which is meant to be ruled by both masculine and feminine energies and would have the combined four elements of the previous four cycles, namely: Fire, Air, Earth and Water, plus a new element added – Ether. We are presently five years into this new cycle. The Fifth World is prophesied to ultimately result in a state of harmony after the transition, gestation and maturation stages have completed. (However, for humans to be compatible with such a state or condition implies that they would have to go through a significant transformation or transmutation process during the transition period.)
  3. The 19.7 year Katun period named 4 Ahau that started on 6 April 1993 and ended on the 21st of December 2012: Throughout the ages this Katun has had strong spiritual qualities, but included a lot of upheaval too. During this recent 20 year cycle there was a powerful revival of Eastern spirituality and philosophy in the West and the New Age movement grew with leaps and bounds.
  4. The 19.7 year Katun period named 2 Ahau that started on December 22, 2012 and that will end on 7 September 2032: This was the beginning of a 19.7 year period that symbolically and energetically have strong qualities related to polarization and major upheaval, while there are positive elements and aspects to this period too. ** We are currently 5 years into this phase. **  
  5. The 19.7 year Katun period named 13 Ahau that will start on 8 September 2032 and will end on May 25, 2052: This is a 19.7 year period that has been determined to be dark and is symbolically the most unstable of all the Katuns, with the world usually being turned upside down, symbolically and literally.
  6. A relatively long prophetic Katuns Cycle of 256 Years that started in 1796 and will end in 2052. This is the entire prophetic Katuns cycle (also known as the ‘short count’) – thirteen consecutive 19.7 year periods. The last couple of Katuns in such a cycle are always considered to be unstable and they usually include the collapse of systems and structures. According to prophecy, shortly afterwards the beginning of a brand new 256 year prophetic cycle would then usher in a new dawn and a complete rejuvenation of the world. The Katuns 2 Ahau and 13 Ahau mentioned above in numbers 4 and 5 are the last two 19.7 year increments in this overall 256 years cycle. If we are lucky we should exit the transition period from the Mayan Fourth to Fifth worlds around that time.

Why are these cycles important?

The first three cycles mentioned above provide immediate reference points for events that have already taken place. We will use them in the next installment to determine whether they indeed signified any real changes in terms of real world events. If so, for example in the case of the changeover from one Katun to the next, we will then be able to illustrate that each Katun embodies a generational “spirit of the age” (in Western terms also known as a ‘zeitgeist’). 

This will help us to prove that the shifting or changing of the spirit of the age seems to happen relatively abruptly from one short age to the next, but not from one very long cycle to the next, due to the gestation and transition periods that are much longer. For example, many people were surprised that nothing happened at the end of 2012, but we are currently still accelerating (deeper) into the “birth canal” of the transition between the 5125 year fourth and fifth Mayan Worlds and more changes are bound to be experienced as we continue. 

The rest of Katun 2 Ahau (5 years have already passed) and the entire Katun 13 Ahau will happen during the next 35 years, between 2017 and 2052. The entire Katuns cycle of 256 years (listed as no. 6 above), will end in 2052 and this is probably the most significant ending of all the cycles, as we will see later on. If we are lucky we should exit the birth canal at that time.

Importantly the next 35 years could potentially be experienced (lived through) by the majority of people alive today under the age of fifty. We will all have to face and deal with the upcoming changes. The younger the person, the more likely it is that they could potentially experience all of it, but that would depend on circumstances and events. Ultimately everything would depend on everyone’s attitude towards the whole process. 

In the next installments we will take a closer look at the prophecies related to the cycles listed in this article and extrapolate further from there. We will also consider the purpose of some of the energies from a human development point of view and look into how we can work with them. First we will look at the concept of dark and light ages (published). 

This article has been written for general consumption and some concepts have been simplified. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author.


J.J. Montagnier is a futurologist and writer based in South America. He has an interest in anthropology, archeology, mythology, psychology and spirituality.


The following main sources have been consulted during the writing of this article:

  1. The Book of Destiny – Unlocking the Secrets of the Ancient Mayans and the Prophecy of 2012, by Carlos Barrios (published in 2009). [1] [2]. 
  2. The Mayan Prophecies – The Renewal of the World 2012 – 2072, by Kenneth Johnson, (published in 2012).
  3. The Maya Katun Prophecies, by Bruce Schofield (article: Alternate Perceptions, 1996).
  4. The Book of Chilam Balam of Chumayel, by Ralph Roys (published in 1933).
  5. The Long and Short of the Mayan Calendar (Published in The Mountain Astrologer, Dec 2004 /Jan 2005) By Bruce Scofield

Please note: References to and excerpts from this article may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to the author and with appropriate and specific direction to the original content:


The Fifth Sky – Tuning In

Lake Yaxhá, North-East Petén, Guatemala. Photo by JJM (2015)

*For background on the Mayan Fifth World and the Fifth Element, please see: The Maya World Tree

Mayan Mythology and Symbolism

The Mayan Calendar constitutes at least three calendars in contemporary terms which are used to map different cycles, but there are at least twenty Mayan calendars in total. For the sake of brevity and simplicity we can summarize that the most important thing to know about the Mayan calendar systems is that time is cyclical. As cycles return they tend to have the same or similar characteristics and features. In that sense similar events can be expected to happen again. Mayan shamans can therefore make reasonably accurate forecasts within symbolic and archetypal contexts. Western scholars can attempt to do the same, but with varying results. Some of the symbolism can be misinterpreted by them, or taken too literal, or the cycles and dates are sometimes mixed up.

When you travel to Central America and meet with the descendants of the ancient Mayans in the former Mayan lands, for example the indigenous peoples of Guatemala, Belize or Honduras [1], it’s unlikely that you would find many in the region who would make predictions in the way that Westerners would. They would rather refer to their ancient mythology or perhaps to wisdom passed down through the ages by word of mouth, but there is a great reluctance to speculate about any “endings”. A grave error that many Western scholars in the Mayanism [2] movement has made, is to have predicted various types of Mayan calendar related endings. This has caused a lot of confusion amongst people with an interest in the subject.

It would therefore be better to do one’s own research by consulting a variety of sources and by focusing on content provided by serious historians and scholars known as Mayanists [3] (as opposed to sources from Mayanism). Having said that, in this research subject there will always be a degree of speculation involved on the part of outside scholars. Interpretations are part and parcel of the research and learning process and cannot be avoided altogether. In fact, it is indeed the predictive aspects or components of the Mesoamerican calendars that hold so much interest to scholars worldwide.

In Kenneth Johnson’s book, The Mayan Prophecies [4], we learn that for the Mayans, time reveals itself by unwinding cyclically, which means that time is already pre-mapped – energetically and archetypically. The Mayan calendars have been formulated and designed to accurately follow and study these cycles and patterns as they interact with each other.  The energetic features that the calendars hold interrelate with the ebb and flow of human consciousness. In the larger cycles of the calendars human consciousness is mapped as rising and falling over many centuries, in a wave-like motion. At the start of each 5125 year cycle consciousness rises and at the crest (in the middle) it reaches a peak and then descends.  This concept is mapped similarly in the Vedic belief system [5].

Human consciousness would therefore be at a relatively low level at the end or beginning of each cycle. That means that in December 2012 (at the end of the Mayan Fourth World) human consciousness was not at a high point, a theory that had been put forward by some scholars in the Mayanism [2] movement. In fact, notwithstanding our technological advances, humanity is currently in a slump, or perhaps very much in the doldrums regarding consciousness.

The idea that humans reached or started to enter peak consciousness in 2012 (or in 2011 already) is therefore clearly incorrect. Not only does it not bear out when you take a critical look at the mapping of consciousness in various ancient belief systems, but you arrive at the same conclusion when you take a critical look at many factors in actual reality in society today (as is being explored in the series: New World Within on this website [6]).  


Please note: the following paragraphs contain interpretations arrived at by the author and are not necessarily the view of Mayan day keepers or elders, except where stated otherwise:

In the Mayan creation story , the Popol Vuh [7], the sky is lowered (“falls”) at the end of each world cycle. It is then raised again. So far the sky has been raised four times and we are currently in the space between ages before the next sky is raised. As a thought experiment: if we take “the sky” as a metaphor for human consciousness, then the sky “falling” takes on significant meaning: At the end of each 5125 year world age, as consciousness diminishes; systems, structures and thought processes related to it, become unstable or “challenged”. Subsequently they start to show strain or start to crumble. The consciousness aligned to the old energetic direction would be out of sync with the new incoming direction.

Although one would expect that from the ashes of the old would rise something completely new (and that was likely the case during previous transitions), we have to keep in mind that this time the directional flow of the energies are more or less doing an about-turn (in some respects). This would be the first time in 20 000 years (within the context of the Mayan Five Worlds) that energy will not move outwards towards one of the cardinal directions, but will turn inwards and move towards the centre. One can therefore expect that there will be a return to some of the old ways, blended in with something completely new. However, that’s not to say that people would voluntarily align themselves with this partial back-to-the-past “regression”, as some would view it, whether that may bring harmony in the long run or not.

Let’s analyse this further, by first summarising once more: We know that during the first four world ages the energy expanded outwards into each one of the four cardinal directions and we also know that during the fifth age the energy will be moving inwards towards the centre. Therefore, it would follow that a turnaround point would be reached at some stage, and that shortly after that point the directional energies would find themselves in direct opposition or in conflict with each other. Due to its already strong momentum, the expanding energy would continue to move outwards, while the contracting energy would be moving inwards while building up momentum.

To test this theory we should therefore look at real-life events: We could speculate that generally speaking the outward and inward moving energies contain more or less the following characteristics in terms of identity, and that we have already observed some of these (surprising to many people) movements in recent world events such as Brexit and in the United States’ presidential elections at the end of 2016:

– The outwards moving energy has been moving away from intrinsic individual core identity (known as the Self in Jungian terms) towards a type of universal identity. Over time it has also moved away from traditional forms of group identity such as national, cultural, language related or traditional role-related identity. It places its identity in forms of political and gender identity (identity politics and gender-ism). Generally this energy seems to reject or seems to be opposed to traditionalism or conservatism in any form.

– The inwards moving or contracting energy associates individual core identity with self-defined personal values and (or) combined with values found in more traditional types of group associations, such as cultural, national, language or heritage related identity (while at the same time, to an extent, being involved in identity politics). This energy benefits from the fact that there had always been a base of traditionalists and conservatives who had over time become marginalised and now sense that they have a voice again. It also benefits from the fact that not everyone who found themselves in the expanding energy movement, wanted to move so far away from the political centre or from their own personal identity centre, so they moved over from the ever-expanding energy to the returning (“reversing”) energy relatively quickly.

These two “movements” are generally contrasted by the one having an expansionist or global-oriented world view, combined with supporting the idea of open or no borders, whereas the other one seems to favour a more localized or regional world view with an orientation towards (a return to) protectionism and well defined and well controlled borders.

These events reflect and highlight the importance of identity in general and that identity is a core factor in this shift. In a future segment we will look at the practical reality of the future of these two energies within the context of a global energetic contraction – a feature that is expected on various levels within the Fifth World.

Conflict Resolution:

Let’s take a look at the expected nature of the masculine and feminine polarities within the Fifth World. The following information is reproduced here exactly as it appeared in an article written by Mayan day keeper and spiritual guide Carlos Barrios in 2006:

– The first cycle was of a feminine energy and fire was the element that ruled it.

– The second cycle was of a masculine energy and earth was the element that ruled it.

– The third cycle was of a feminine energy and air was the element that ruled it.

– The fourth cycle was of a masculine energy and water was the element that ruled it.

– The fifth cycle is of harmony between the masculine and feminine energy and the element that will rule it will be ether. [8]

Here we notice immediately that during the Fifth world, we are not returning to a cycle ruled by either masculine or feminine energy, but that we are entering a cycle that will be energetically conducive towards harmony between the two. This may be somewhat disappointing to people who have been looking forward to (or have set their heart on) “ruling” from a gender perspective. However, considering the collapse in gender relations in recent years, perhaps now would be a good time to pause and reflect upon whether harmony between the sexes would really be such a bad thing. People seem to have forgotten that there was a time when the two genders got on reasonably well.

Significantly, it would be the first time in 20 000  years (within the context of the Mayan five worlds) that neither the masculine, nor the feminine energy would dominate. That doesn’t mean that male-female polarity would disappear, but that the potential for conflict would be largely reduced energetically – in the long run. Potentially we in the West may even (re)learn how to complement each other as men and women, instead of being in perpetual competition. That possibility in itself may be tantalising enough to celebrate (and not only for nostalgic reasons), but there’s no doubt that high drama and conflict are currently still very important pastimes for many gender related groupings in Western populations and politics, as can be observed on a daily basis in 2017.

The current political “turnings” we have seen recently are not at all viewed by everybody as “moving forward towards harmony” – to the contrary – and perhaps with good reason. However, as has been mentioned before, sometimes when pendulums swing too far, over-correction can be expected. “Passengers on pendulums” are not always aware that the pendulum they are travelling on could be due for correction. For example, gender equality in the developed Western World has been reached in many countries to varying degrees (some time ago already), yet acknowledgement of that remains either completely muted or is non-existent. In many cases the border between rights and privileges has been blurred, and it could be argued that the previously disadvantaged have in many cases already arrived at more favourable conditions than their counterparts across the gender line.

There is no doubt that some of these issues will remain controversial and that many people will simply continue on their trajectories. Nevertheless, from an energetic standpoint, in the long run a more balanced trajectory with harmony at its core is under way. The role of the Fifth Element having entered this scene, is to illuminate our (energetic) dispositions and especially our shadow sides – to ourselves and to others. In this way the universe is assisting us in being motivated towards self-correcting where we are clearly out of tune. Once we are centred, grounded and aligned sufficiently, we should be perfectly poised as proactive co-creators to raise the Fifth Sky from our core selves and from within the energetic centre of the Fifth World.

These themes will be explored further in the next instalment. This is the third part in a ‘mini series’ – an article published in parts. Continue reading

Part one is here: The Fifth Element

Part two is here: The Fifth World

Part four is here: The Fifth Earth (Part 1)

Also see: Shift of the Stages

J.J. Montagnier is an intuitive creative writer. He is a student of mythology, ancient cultures, philosophy, psychology, sociology, politics and metaphysics. His writings are inspired and influenced by his world travels, personal observations, intuitive insights and deep study of relevant and related subject matter. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author.

Please note: References to and excerpts from this article may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to the author and with appropriate and specific direction to the original content:

Copyright © 2017 · All Rights Reserved · Gypsy Café


  1. The author travelled in the region in 2015.
  8. Prophecies from the Mayan Elders, March 2006 by Carlos Barrios (.Pdf)

The Fifth World – Towards Harmony

Five Level Pyramid – Yaxhá, North-East Petén, Guatemala. Photo by JJM (2015).


*For background on the Mayan Fifth World and the Fifth Element, please see: The Maya World Tree

The Fifth World

Where we have come from, where we are now, and where we are going

2012 Revisited

Prior to December 2012, scores of Mayan calendar enthusiasts, authors and scholars had put forward a plethora of predictions, forecasts and interpretations about what would or could happen around certain dates in 2012. The dates, when they finally arrived, were accentuated by the fact that nothing of note happened. There were no signs that a long awaited and highly anticipated new Golden Age was about to commence, as had been fervently predicted. Neither did major earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanoes or floods occur worldwide (all at once!)

Transition stages between 5125 year world ages are meant to take approximately 120 years [1].  Changes happening during such long transition periods are therefore very unlikely to become apparent “on day one”. However, such were the expectations in December 2012 that something was going to happen, that there were people who took the day or week off from work, while others headed to the countryside “just in case” [2]. The majority of people, however, took a sober view and brushed it all off as superstition.

In retrospect, a lot of people may be wondering why so many people responded so “irrationally” in 2012. From a depth-psychology point of view, the 2012 “mass psychological event” was much more than just mere superstition. It was a reflection of the power of the “archetype of the end”. This archetype was identified by well known Swiss psychoanalyst, C.G. Jung back in the 1950’s. [3]

There must have been something that had made a major impression upon the human psyche (repetitively) for this archetype to be so deeply embedded in the collective subconscious (aka collective unconscious) and to make such a strong mass appearance every now and again. From a Jungian perspective all archetypes have purpose and in this case, the archetype was a message from the collective subconscious of humanity that major change was upon us (within a decade or two).

The Fifth World

According to Mayan Daykeeper and spiritual guide, Carlos Barrios [4], there is an expectation that the Fifth World would (eventually) bring a time of harmony, while there is also a clear expectation that great turmoil and upheaval could be expected during the transition period to it. This has always been the case during all transition phases and is reflected not only in Mayan mythology and history, but also in the history of the world. This is confirmed by author and scholar Kenneth Johnson, in his book, The Mayan Prophecies [5]. During his research he could not find any evidence of the previous world transitions having gone without upheaval.  

Let us consider what is actually happening right now. Just about five years ago (in 2012) extreme political and cultural polarization hardly featured in Western nations. At the moment they threaten to tear some of them apart. According to Carlos Barrios, Mayan elders believe that at the start of each new world age, the energetic polarities between yin and yang (left or right;  dark and light; right or wrong) become highly accentuated. That would explain why the energies are presently conducive to a high degree of polarity.

Ultimately, due to polarity, everything strives for natural balance and equilibrium (in the end) and will attempt to self-correct. In complex systems this process is known as Homeostasis [6]. When a pendulum swings too far in one direction an initial over-correction may occur when it returns. In the context of a balance of energies, correction is probably way overdue, considering the current state of the world.

During transition stages a reconfiguration of energies takes place which causes significant turmoil. This stems from there usually being major resistance to some of the changes caused by the new directional flow. The energetic shifts have an impact on human consciousness and behaviour, but people are not usually conscious of what is happening and this can cause great confusion.

One way that individuals can centre themselves sufficiently and avoid being sucked into all the drama (and potential violence) during such a transition, is to centre themselves within the context of the Fifth World. By vision questing the centre point of the Fifth World and its harmony, we not only set our trajectory, but we live out the future in the present and act as a catalyst of transformation for those around us.

The big picture is that we are heading towards the centre (balance) and towards harmony – and we are already on our way (energetically speaking), but we are still in the early stages of this shift. Many people are not yet aligned to the new directional characteristics of the mix of energies. To the contrary, currently the majority of people are out of line with them, especially, or perhaps particularly in places where the polarizing forces of aggressive identity politics and extreme political correctness are currently at play.

Neither of the above mindsets are in their current form conducive to tolerance or harmony, in spite of what they presumably stand for. This can be clearly observed in world affairs today. However, holding on to the old (world), while resisting the new (world), is simply prolonging and exacerbating the intermediate turmoil which is a recurring feature of world age transitions.

As responsible co-creators of the Fifth World, each one of us should reflect upon the position we find ourselves on the polarity scale, in terms of our attitudes and actions, and consider how far we have moved away from or closer towards harmony, balance and the centre. This will assist us in knowing whether we are in or out of tune with the energetic vibration of the Fifth World.

These themes will be explored further in the next instalment. This is the second part of a series:

Continue to part three: The Fifth Sky

Part one is here: The Fifth Element

Also see: Shift of the Stages

J.J. Montagnier is an intuitive creative writer. He is a student of mythology, ancient cultures, philosophy, psychology, sociology, politics and metaphysics. His writings are inspired and influenced by his world travels, personal observations, intuitive insights and deep study of relevant and related subject matter.

Copyright © 2016 · All Rights Reserved · Gypsy Café


  1. Information provided verbally by a guide at Tikal archaeological site in Guatemala, during a visit in 2015.
  2. Due to the 2012 phenomenon colleagues of the author took time off from work and the author read about people who went on retreats ranging from one to three weeks.
  3. Jung and the Archetype of the Apocalypse:
  4. Prophecies from the Mayan Elders, March 2006 by Carlos Barrios (.Pdf)
  5. The Mayan Prophecies, The Renewal of The World, 2012 – 2072 by Kenneth Johnson
  6. Homoeostasis:

The Fifth Element – Illuminating the Shadows

Lake Petén Itzá - El Remate, Guatemala, 2015. Photo by JJM.

Lake Petén Itzá – El Remate, Guatemala. Photo by JJM (2015).

 *For background on the Mayan Fifth World and the Fifth Element, please see: The Maya World Tree



The Fifth Element

Five years have passed since December 2012; we are five years into the Mayan Fifth World and the Fifth Element has entered the scene. We are in a new age of transparency and below-the-surface shadows are bound to be illuminated while submerged debris is likely to float to the top. Whatever is hidden may be exposed and the only way to deal with this alchemical process, is to put one’s own inner house in order.

While there are people who have already been introspecting by way of traditional or spiritual practices, serious self-observation or deeper inner reflection may be something relatively new to others. However, as time passes, not exposing one’s true self will become increasingly difficult. This may be positive news for people who already live from their authentic selves, while it could turn out to be a somewhat uncomfortable experience for those who have not yet discovered or have not developed their intrinsic individual identity – and who do not live from their higher selves. 

Typically, individuals and groups who avoid facing their inner shadow-sides, tend to project them onto others. The objective of doing that is to divert attention away from their lower selves and what they are up to. This is a well-know psychological phenomenon. However, in an age of added transparency such projections would be much more obvious. As one finger points at others, three fingers point back. This causes emperors to wear no clothes by exposing themselves, while insisting on remaining oblivious of the fact. 

Continue to: The Fifth World

This is the first part of a ‘miniseries’ – an article published in parts.

Related: The Shift of the Stages

J.J. Montagnier is an intuitive creative writer. He is a student of mythology, ancient cultures, philosophy, psychology, sociology, politics and metaphysics. His writings are inspired and influenced by his world travels, personal observations, intuitive insights and deep study of relevant and related subject matter.

Choose Conscience

Choose Peace Through Conscience

Peace Mural, Belfast, N. Ireland (2004). Archive photo by JJM.

When faced with difficult choices, especially amongst bad options, conscience can always show the way. Needless to say, what the planet needs right now, more than ever, is a return to conscience. Conscience lends itself to a variety of peaceful solutions.

Moral relativity does not fit well into the realm of a well developed and active conscience. Conscience intuitively knows the difference between right and wrong. What is appropriate or correct within a given context or what is not. What is creative and what is destructive. What is life-giving and what is life-killing. What is nurturing and what is eroding. What is authentically (not superficially) progressive and what is truly regressive.

Not all situations call for distinctions to be made, but when they do, a healthy conscience would normally step in automatically. Of course, conscience interacts with ethics, etiquette, morality, religion and other frameworks for rules of conduct, but personal conscience can and does act autonomously, and will override externally imposed morality, where necessary. As long as conscience is maintained, conscience is the only inner guiding system which has almost full  independence and autonomy. It is independent from the ego-self and the group-self and it is autonomous in prompting one to correct one’s course.

Conscience will override questionable morals and will adjust approaches and actions accordingly. Conscience is an autonomous guidance system within, whereas morals depend on customs and norms without. The more relative morals become in a society as a whole, the more consciousness dims collectively and the more unconscious society becomes as a group. It is during such times that inner conscience is especially needed to guide individuals.

Only a very small percentage of individuals are born without any conscience at all – and they are considered to be “disabled” (psychologically), meaning that they don’t have the full range of emotions and feelings that would usually be accessible to the average person. They are also unlikely to ever develop (a) conscience. Other than these exceptions, conscience holds much more universality than ethics or morals do, and therefore we would be much better off aspiring to universal conscience than universal morals or ethics. A healthy conscience leads to expanded consciousness on an individual level, which is expressed on a universal level.

The small percentage of conscience-less (without conscience) individuals we find in society are naturally the proverbial  “foxes” as described in the Chicken Little fable (See Parts 5 & 7) and we find them in all walks of life. However, there is a significant percentage of average individuals who eventually revert to similar behaviors after having lost (or given up) their consciences as they went along. Very often a conscious decision was made to do so, in order to gain certain advantages. The nature of conscience itself does not allow for it to be given up unconsciously, so the suppression of conscience is certainly a conscious process initially and subsequently the decision is swiftly put out of mind and henceforth avoided at all costs.

If the majority of individuals in a society learn to suppress their conscience – to the extent that a general moral relativity sets in – and once the virtues of conscience are lost by adults in general, they are unlikely to be instilled, cultivated or strengthened within children either. When a society has more “foxes” than “chickens”, parasitism, prejudice, projection, exploitation, bigotry, double standards, hypocrisy, abuse of power, corruption and the active destruction of old value systems ensue and a general regression leading to potential repression sets in. A strong accompanying feature of such a scenario is often decadence.

It has been determined that historically mass decadence (and sometimes war) has almost always preceded the collapse of civilizations. In other words, the idea of the destruction of values on the basis of them being “old fashioned” or “conservative” in order to facilitate decadence (boundary-less living) often have unintended consequences, because all systems need structure in order to function, externally and (importantly) internally – structure being what value systems are meant to provide in societies and civilizations. No limits, no restrictions, no boundaries, means no structure, which results in a vacuum. In a big enough vacuum, collapse is inevitable.

Therefore, going forward, decisions and choices based on conscience may be the only available tool to rescue (individuals in) a declining civilization from internal (and external) collapse. Conscience can save individuals, and in the present day context, the world.

By JJ Montagnier

Building the New World Within (11) – Happy Go Lucky – Faster!

"Fried Grey Matter"

“Fried Grey Matter” – Street Art, Montevideo, Uruguay. Photograph by JJM.

Click here for PDF version

It’s All Theatre

Tabloid press, reality TV, TV talk shows, social networking and, perhaps, increasingly also, modern-day politics have all got something in common – they contain similar ingredients to those found in soap operas. A trademark of soap opera is that the less exemplary elements of human behaviour are exaggerated and dramatised for effect. A hallmark of the tabloid press is the use of emotional and sensational language which draws readers into the drama.

Gossip and the lives of others had always been of interest to people, but tabloids converted sideshows into the main show. This growing preoccupation spread into other mediums, too, and eventually it went well beyond the lives of only the officially rich and famous. Despite, perhaps, a few protestations to the contrary, those designated as celebrities hardly shy away from being in the limelight. As the saying goes: “All publicity is good publicity”, and over time being famous has taken on major significance in modern societies.

By introducing “real-life” elements into the mix, reality TV took the soap opera concept a step further. Selected members of the public could now become famous, too. They would brush shoulders with genuine celebrities and, just like them, have large audiences observe and follow their every move. Taking a cue, perhaps, from soap opera, participants could spice up and dramatise their actions and activities for effect, bringing greater audiences and improved ratings with regard to the shows and themselves.

In these shows, participants were becoming adept at promoting themselves by sometimes being outrageous, controversial or provocative. Audiences were lapping it up and learning from it, too. Reality TV was hugely popular for its novelty value at first but, in due course, the concept influenced and was blended in with various other genres. Some of these shows, at least to a small extent, contain(ed) educational elements such as the celebrity chefs series. A particular type of TV talk show – which came to be known as “Trash TV” – preceded reality TV by a couple of decades already and was based on outrage creation and stirring up animosity amongst participants.

Initially, as with the tabloid genre which slowly spread around the world, not everyone considered the depiction of the lowest common denominator on television as being optimum entertainment. Many viewers actively avoided soap opera, trash TV and reality TV. The majority of professionals preferred to continue reading their broadsheets and magazines. Likewise, discerning television viewers continued to opt for quality TV programmes. On the other hand, more than enough readers and viewers were becoming eager consumers of dramatised and sensationalised entertainment and news media.

That humans have always been intrigued by the weird, the outlandish and the obscure is not in doubt, and an apt analogy would be that the modern-day version of “freak shows” increasingly came to town in some of these shows on a screen and in a newspaper near you. In the press, the tabloid media formula continued to spread and, eventually, even organisations once-known as conservative and well-established news publications adopted the model or blended it in.

Tabloid newspapers had already been using “tabloid headlines” for decades to prompt people to buy the paper. The “tabloid language” used in news content contained special “tabloid vocabulary” (short, emotional and ambiguous key words) to create intrigue which draws readers into the emotional drama. These days, online tabloid-style headlines are referred to as “click-bait”.

Slowly – but surely – the “tabloidification” of close to the whole spectrum of mass media has come about, and it is more or less standard fare today. Although many people grumbled over the loss of quality reportage during the process, consumer interest in serious news media has dwindled along with the quality. Those interested in in-depth analyses and serious factual reporting have to make the effort to seek out alternative news channels; however, the majority of people, it seems, are unlikely to make the effort.

Switching Channels

In the meantime, people’s attention and interest were being occupied elsewhere. Social networking platforms had been around for a while already and were growing exponentially. Here, potential celebrity status and the possibility of becoming famous were taken to a whole new level – perhaps to “the ultimate level”. These platforms offered the ability to achieve (small-scale) “fame” almost instantaneously. Members of the public were provided with their own broadcasting channels. Prior to that, only the few who had made it onto reality TV or TV talk shows had such opportunities – except for those (including sports stars) who had become real celebrities either through traditional methods or by pure luck.

It’s Showtime!

Given the already strong craving from the general public for fame, the arrival of social networking was like opium to the masses. Everyone could now generate their own audiences in a variety of ways and be in charge of their own public image campaigns. By enhancing social media profiles and sometimes by presenting themselves in dramatised ways by being sensational and provocative, instantaneous feedback would arrive and audiences would grow. It was showtime for everyone!

Soon, “being relevant” socially would be measured by – or associated with – having a strong social media presence or not.  Those who were not on social media were considered to be  almost invisible, or they essentially “did not exist”. Not everybody wanted fame, but hardly anyone wanted to be “irrelevant” either – and this remains true today. Therefore, the motivation for participating in social media and social networking was and always has been very powerful. For many, being in the loop and having access to current social events supersede almost everything else, despite the potential side effects of possible overexposure.

While older members of society can clearly remember these still relatively recent changes, younger people who grew up with technology and self-promotion have no other reference points. That narcissism has become rife is, therefore, not necessarily considered a problem, but rather an essential element for functioning optimally within society’s current social (media) paradigm. Neither is the drop in the quality of news necessarily perceived as a big issue, because a lot of news is delivered by “citizen journalists” through social media which, of course, does have its merits.

The downside is that news feeds on social networking platforms blend real news with social news. Everything happens in “real” time, is treated equally and, due to an avalanche of information, is usually soon forgotten. There’s not much time to read beyond headlines either way and even if there were, the loss of quality news reporting virtually across the board means that the wider context and background or comprehensive understanding and insights are rarely covered.

Life was Hard

Let us contrast receiving constant feedback online with life offline, where feedback (for living your life normally) is not only not guaranteed but is generally lacking, except for feedback from family members and close friends. This is, perhaps, one of the reasons why “life as it used to be” (before social networking) was perceived as being hard. Having to go through life on one’s own is somewhat of an alienating experience for many people. It is not surprising then that a medium such as social networking would be eagerly embraced.

Social media removes the possibility or necessity of having to be alone or lonely – ever. On the other hand, it leads to becoming dependent on constant support, affirmation and validation. Having so much – often artificial or superficial – support could provide plasters for basic insecurities, which would usually have had to be worked on within, personally and privately, with limited external support.

Internal strengthening processes can essentially only happen in relative isolation by, for example, becoming accustomed to dealing with negative thoughts or feelings privately. For example, where personal growth is required, introspection would identify the areas in which that would need to happen. Various approaches can then be followed, from reading on the subject to purposeful exposure to relevant real-life situations and circumstances with post-event reflection, which would then further consolidate resolution and growth.

A somewhat hard life – along with an independent struggle – is a necessary requirement for becoming emotionally self-sufficient and for developing a strong individual identity. Reaching full maturity in terms of full personal autonomy and wholeness is a lifetime’s process and requires ongoing conscious self-evaluation.

By being digitally connected at all times, continuous external support is never lacking and the time for deep self-reflection is reduced. In many ways, life’s direct harshness is filtered out. One could rightfully ask: “Who wouldn’t want that?” The result is that this unfortunately translates into many people unwittingly developing co-dependencies with their electronic devices and the remote feedback they receive through them, where such dependencies didn’t exist before.

Self-sufficiency and Autonomy

Traditionally, we used to share our successes and important personal events with family members or close friends. Constantly laying our lives bare to general acquaintances or complete strangers is a phenomenon particular to the social networking realm.  Being capable of living our lives independently, largely without much recognition at all, used to be a measure of being a mature adult in the world. This used to be “the burden of reality” which we all had to carry after entering adulthood, but it naturally instilled a sense of self-responsibility which resulted in self-confidence.

You had to get on with life and excel in it without being able to bask in constant accolades. Most of the time, your only reward was an inner sense of self-achievement, despite the odds. People were not overly concerned (or obsessed) with the lives of others. They were too busy making it in the real world just like everyone else, and society had little sympathy for perceived victimhood. Life was hard for virtually everyone, and you were expected to take the lemons you were handed and make lemonade with them.

Autonomous functioning was usually drummed into children from a relatively young age by parents who understood what the real world would hold once their kids were ‘”out there”. Thus, most parents avoided sheltering their children too much. Depending on the country or region, this changed over time as giving constant praise and providing unlimited support became a new model. The expectation and need for constant validation and affirmation that we witness today, not only amongst children and teenagers but well into adulthood, can at least partially be ascribed to this approach.

Ironically, the previous generations succumbed to the reorientation of parenting models and child-rearing in contradiction to all the experience, knowledge and wisdom that they had attained through how they were raised. Having said that, there is no doubt that many in the older generations thought that their childhoods had been unduly harsh. Indeed, a well-known reason cited by parents for having spoiled their children or for not having challenged them more is that they wanted to spare their kids the hard upbringings that they themselves had to go through. However, raising children in an unstructured way may well pave the way to societal decay, as can be observed today. [1]

Recognition and Instant Fame

Before the idea of fame became so interwoven into modern society, instant fame was an exceptional event. People were too grounded in reality to consider it important or to spend an inordinate amount of time pursuing it. It was potentially achievable (people dreamed about it back then, too), but was dependent on extraordinary natural talent, out-of-the-ordinary circumstances or a major lucky break. Recognition within one’s job sector was easier to attain. Working hard, earning your dues and fighting for recognition; developing your professional skills and honing them; becoming a master of your arts; building up experience and real-life connections and eventually becoming a real expert in your field usually led to well-earned recognition from peers.

Not unlike today, celebrity status usually came about within certain entertainment sectors such as cinema, television, fashion, the music industry and theatre. Being attractive was advantageous or was even the main requirement in some instances. Even so, these sectors were relatively small and difficult to break into. The possibility of a lucky break into the celebrity arena, therefore, had a powerful and enticing appeal. Nevertheless, for the most part the average citizen knew that it remained a far-fetched notion, reserved mainly for daydreaming.

New Show in Town

Cue social media where almost all obstacles were removed. “Instant fame” could now be attained within a couple of hundred mouse clicks, even by teenagers – perhaps, especially by teenagers. Of course, this type of “fame” might have been relatively lightweight, but for the ego it was (and is) fame nonetheless. With no barriers to entry, except for knowing how to use the internet, and with the motivation brought about by the knowledge that “everyone’s at it”, having a significant online presence became for many people almost the only way of feeling that they were relevant. It is, indeed, true that young people are often ostracised from their real-life social circles should they not also participate online. [2][iv]

The problem is that without having fully formed real-world identities before that process is transferred online, identity development is transferred to, and continues in, an environment where different rules are at play and where the dynamics lean strongly towards the narcissistic.

Changing Frequencies

In the digital age, many children report that they feel emotionally neglected at times, specifically due to their parents being distracted by their personal devices. Paradoxically,  children do not spend sufficient time alone with themselves either (within safe environments) due to the constant presence of their mobile devices. [3]

Considering this context, attention-seeking strategies and habits are prone to be developed beyond what would usually be the norm. It is, therefore, not surprising to find that children often revert to their computers or Smartphones to seek out compensating validation and affirmation through self-promotion on the internet. When the online social media world becomes a regular source of emotional feedback, it can become a crutch to lean on at an early age.

Older people who had moved online later in life, but who spend excessive time acting out their online persona(s), risk experiencing a sense of loss of a part of their real or authentic self, even when they had a strong sense of self prior to their online lives.  Due to neglect, the authentic-self may eventually recede into the background while the online persona(s) come more to the fore.

In an ideal world – one that already exists, but one that many people have left behind – children would have a combination of sufficient direct unfiltered emotional input from their parents, but they would also spend sufficient unfiltered time on their own, in order to figure themselves out for themselves. In such an ideal world, adults would balance their online and offline worlds in order to not lose track of their core individual selves nor their loved ones.

Social Media and the Persona

In the traditional and real world of direct human interactions, you can boost your persona only so much. Although pretence and vanity are tolerated in small measures, people tend to see through them rather quickly. During face-to-face interactions, a certain level of legitimacy is required, and continuous superficiality is counterproductive towards fostering authentic and genuine long-term interpersonal relationships.

In the social networking realm, persona-enhancing is the whole idea. Different rules of legitimacy are at play, such as social proof and group association, and the vast majority of people don’t know each other beyond their avatars. If most interpersonal interactions happen online these days, it can be easily deduced that real-life character development has taken a major back seat. Persona-polishing and avatar-enhancing, for which no amount of time seems to be excessive, are the norm.

Posers and Followers

Offline, we do not post notes on the windows of our homes to announce what we are up to inside. Neither do we stick notes on our car windows to announce where we are going and what we are going to do there. We also do not add additional notes to our windows to provide updates. If that were the case, we would not be able to see through our windows. Peering closely into people’s lives (“windows”) in real life would certainly be frowned upon. Yet, following the minutiae of people’s lives online, which they willingly display, is completely acceptable.

Exhibitionism and voyeurism are human tendencies that reside in everyone. They may be given expression outside the online realm at times, but generally they tend to remain relatively dormant, hidden or suppressed due to natural societal expectations. However, in the social networking sphere these elements are given the opportunity for full expression, albeit in an altered format but within a framework of it being completely normalised. Where narcissistic exhibitionist tendencies were always discouraged in the real world, the opposite is true in the social media sphere.

Virtual “posers” and “followers” can now post notes on their own interactive tabloid press pages (virtual “windows”), while their counterparts and “online passersby” follow their news and updates. Posers and followers take both roles interactively while keeping multiple interactions going with other followers, posers and passersby. Validations and affirmations are exchanged for small changes made to profile statuses, and everyone keeps the dance going.

It is usually only when the dancing stops (or slows down) that inevitable withdrawal symptoms set in and replenishing efforts start up soon afterwards, either consciously or unconsciously. These enhanced mutual-affirmation emotional feedback-loops tend to eventually become integral for daily functioning.

Happy Chemicals

We rarely think about the technical functions or elements of our minds, but continuously working in the background are brain chemicals and hormones which act as influencers and drivers. They interact with our emotions and also produce physiological reactions and sensations. Some of these neurotransmitters and hormones are known as “happy chemicals” because of the way they make us feel when they are activated. No wonder then that we seek them out. Not only do we seek them out, but we tend to do so repetitively in habit-forming ways. Sigmund Freud’s pleasure principle can most probably, to a degree, be ascribed to this phenomenon.

Happy-Go-Lucky Faster

The greatest positive advantage of the internet is that we have information at our fingertips and if we are discerning and selective enough, the internet can be hugely beneficial. A case in point is the multitude of resources available on brain chemicals and how they function, which fills in the picture and shines a light into some of our blind spots.

Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that (amongst other things) has a motivational function which  causes us to experience anticipation for what we need or would like to achieve in life. This results in us striving towards our objectives. We are then mobilised to act decisively in pursuing our interests and in seeking them out. Dopamine is released as soon as we close in on our subject or our goal. During long-term projects, dopamine would be released shortly before each stage or milestone is reached, and this would drive the person forward to the next stage until the project is completed. [a, b, c]

Th internal opioid system works in conjunction with dopamine and provides the feel-good satisfaction of a job well done after completion (of each stage) or the pleasure experienced after finding something you were looking for. [b]

However, we can get additional dopamine and opioid rewards (and get them faster) from frequent social networking updates. For example, milestones can become the amount of shares, likes or “friends” that we accumulate and going after more milestones keeps us going. 

Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that (amongst other things) motivates us to improve our position or status in life through a sense of wanting recognition, respect or appreciation; receiving positive feedback from role models, superiors or peers builds confidence – and confidence releases serotonin. For example, building up credibility within a community through authentic actions and interactions would be worthwhile because subsequent natural positive feedback would be the result (as explored in Part 8). [a, b,e]

In terms of personal growth, the objective would usually be to reach a stage where a person’s self-worth is solid enough to go through life without expecting or needing excessive validation or feedback. In other words, by having a natural sense of one’s intrinsic qualities and real-life achievements and successes, one’s serotonin levels remain elevated and are produced organically (intrinsically).

However, we can get additional serotonin rewards (and get them faster) from receiving instant positive feedback by frequently posting about our achievements online. Even posting about trivial matters, such as what we are doing or eating in the moment,would provide feedback.

Oxytocin is a hormone which (amongst other things) motivates us to seek out the company of people we can trust in order to bond with them. We are, therefore, motivated to seek out like-minded people and groups. When entering groups in real life, it usually takes time to be fully accepted or incorporated, but once accepted we would regularly receive our oxytocin rewards which are experienced as a ense of belonging and of being part of a group.

When one-to-one friendships or relationships form over time, they usually reach a point where there is enough trust for both parties to drop their guard and to relax into it; at that point, a bond is formed. Oxytocin is released, and it will be released regularly whenever the two persons subsequently meet or connect – for as long as the mutual trust lasts. [a, b, e].

However, we can get additional oxytocin rewards (and get them easier and faster) by joining online groups; we can then support their causes or can “virtue-signal” a group that we are “one of them”.

Adrenalin is a hormone that has to do with fight or flight, but can motivate us to see stressful situations through. For example, an adrenalin rush during a stressful exam can provide the energy and motivation to keep a clear head and get through it. Although adrenalin is usually linked to fear, it can cause a rush which many people experience as pleasure when it is triggered in a controlled environment. For example, to relieve boredom and to feel alive, people would often seek out controlled adrenalin rushes. The most co-mmon would be extreme sports such as bungee jumping or skydiving. Aggressive direct physical or emotional confrontations would also release adrenalin, but are avoided due to the real possibility of their resulting in physical harm due to negative feedback. [e]

However, adrenalin rushes can also be found remotely (fast, frequently and safely) through online gaming, online trolling and (in more extreme cases) by participating in “online lynching”.[iv,v]


As we know, external drugs, such as nicotine, marijuana, cocaine, amphetamines and others, overstimulate brain chemicals, but so do online gaming, social media and social networking –just somewhat differently. “Happy chemicals” such as dopamine, opioids, serotonin and oxytocin are not designed to be “always on”, but with the advent of mobile devices they are rarely switched off. [f]

“It’s All Good”

Sometimes, any feedback can become “good feedback” with the differentiation between it being positive or negative having faded out. In such cases, “feedback is feedback” because it is the stimulation that the user is after. The need for kicks means that negative feedback can be a substitute for positive feedback and is often easier to obtain. For example, being controversial, shocking and insulting in forums or on social networking tends to trigger stronger responses at a higher rate, which would explain why some people troll. [v]

This is corroborated by research done in Japan which identified a subset of dopamine neurons which are stimulated by negative feedback instead of positive feedback. [4]

“More is Better”

A common feature of spending time on the internet is that people spend more time on it than they intend to. This has to do with the dopamine and opioid mix. Dopamine motivates seeking behaviour, and opioids provide the rewards when finding what the seeker is looking for. However, research has found that the dopamine-motivated seeking behaviour is stronger than the opiate-provided rewards. [b]

Sometimes, people browse aimlessly for hours, looking for something without knowing what it is that they are looking for. Nothing they come across satisfies them sufficiently to stop browsing, only to eventually succumb to the urge to go offline once sufficient browsing-fatigue has set in. Due to the vast amount of information and content on the web, there is always more to find and (so the thinking goes), potentially, something better.

However, browsing social networking platforms excessively tends to have the effect of either comparing oneself with others (potentially resulting in low self-esteem) or of being drawn into some kind of drama playing off on it (which then triggers negative emotions and reactions).

Mobile Pinball Arcades

In the past, when a person left the shopping mall, the casino or the pinball arcade, for example, they gave their minds a rest. Besides, they only went there once in a while except if, perhaps, they had become somewhat addicted to shopping or gambling. Even so, they would not have been present at those places every waking moment of their day. Presently, life offline literally pales in comparison to life enhanced by the always-on mobile “pinball arcades” that an increasing number of people – perhaps, the majority – carry around with them.

Bouncing off the Walls

Feelings, emotions, sensations, affirmations, validations, laughs, jokes, jealousy, envy, blaming and shaming, anger and outrage (!), trolling and online-lynching – virtual theatre provides it all … and it’s just a touch-screen away. The intense emotional highs and lows experienced remotely through screens have our brain chemicals (constantly) “bouncing off the walls”.

Not Such a Happy Chemical

Not all brain chemicals have a feel-good effect. Cortisol, for example, produces negative feelings naturally and there is a reason for it. If we were euphoric at all times, we would become reckless. And so, the “unhappy chemical” is meant to bring us down to earth as a survival mechanism.

According to psychologist, Loretta Breuning (Ph.D.), unhappy feelings produced by cortisol are always present, but are masked by “happy chemicals”[a]. That is why we sometimes experience negative thoughts at random times. When our happy chemicals dip, the unhappy chemical filters through. The implication is that the less we are able to deal with unhappy thoughts, the more we may want to seek out happy-chemical rewards so they can mask the negative feelings or sensations. (There are, of course, cases where people have brain-chemical deficits or imbalances which would usually be resolved through prescribed medication – but those are the exceptions, not the rule.)

The purpose of the cortisol-induced negative feelings and thoughts that come through at times is to “send information” or “give a message” so that we can reflect upon what the message is and then potentially make adjustments to certain courses of action. According to Ms Breuning, if these messages or impulses are ignored or not paid attention to, more cortisol is released by the brain, typically causing the person to overcompensate even more by going after more happy chemicals. [a]

If we never learn how to take the time to deal with negative thoughts or feelings, because we are never away from our devices (in the case of younger people) or if we have fallen out of practice for the same reason, compulsive happy-chemical-seeking is a very possible outcome.


Social networking is not very content-rich in terms of quality information, and the “pinball arcade” factor is high. The satisfaction factor is thus equivalent to that of “fast food”, which, to use an analogy, is high on sugar, but low on sustenance. Binge-social networking is even more of a reality today than binge-eating or binge-drinking. The tasty bits in social networking are the social bits which are the equivalent of the sugar in fast foods (the more you eat, the more you tend to want to go back for more).

Stepping Away

Many people cannot understand why it is so difficult to step away from their screens. When it is being suggested that we should balance the time connected to personal technology with time away from it, it is commonly interpreted as insinuating that we should be “less happy”. The fact of the matter is that many people have become accustomed to experiencing “happy sensations” to a much higher degree and much more constantly compared to how they would have under normal circumstances without technology.

Everything in Moderation

The suggestion for balance is thus not suggesting that we should be “less happy”, but rather that we should aim to be happy more organically. This implies guarding against building dependencies on superficial, simulated and stimulated emotional feedback and responses and to rather source the real thing from fellow humans directly through in-person and face-to-face interactions.

Heads are Away

Clearly, we have created a lot of additional complexity in our lives by having embraced personal technologies to the extent that we have. A significant portion of people’s attention span and space for deep reflection and contemplation is constantly captured by social media (even when they are not on it, they still think about it) to the extent that many people are oblivious of many of the real issues facing the real world and humanity. In addition, what constitutes as being “real issues” have become obscured and relative to everything else, while whatever is “triggered in the moment”, due to online habits, tends to take priority.

Tunnel Vision

If all issues are relative, then what is relevant is only determined by what gets the most exposure or has “gone viral”. In this way, by living one’s life through modern media, one risks ending up with tunnel vision. What is not presented, featured or exposed by the channels we browse or subscribe to, is off the radar and “doesn’t exist”.

Ignorance is Bliss

Without stepping out of the mainstream and making a concerted effort to inform oneself and check all facts, ignorance as a constant is almost an inevitable result. This, ironically, contradicts the erroneous belief that by being connected, a person is automatically “in the loop” and informed. One might be in the loop socially, but whether that equates to being truly informed is, of course, highly debatable.

However, one could speculate that really being informed assigns a certain amount of responsibility in relation to various issues in life and in the world, because with knowledge human conscience comes into play. Hence, the popularity of the entire range of mind-numbing and escapist media tools available for our pleasure, which we eagerly consume.

Reality May Bite

Our increasing reliance on technology for everything, including our emotions, has made it virtually indispensable, while the near future almost certainly holds a world of vastly reduced energy and other resources. This means that the viability of many future technological solutions could become constrained. There is, in fact, a likelihood that in the future we may have to do without some of the modern technologies that we have already become accustomed to.

By being so distracted by what we are holding up right in front of us, we have potentially lost sight completely of the bigger picture. Therefore, the future described above is one which, for the moment, can hardly be fathomed in our current conceptualisation of a limitless world of absolute abundance; yet, this is a world that the majority of us will come to experience within our lifetimes.

According to Carl Jung, that which we avoid tends to meet us halfway on the road to our destiny (see Part 10). The questions that we need to ask ourselves are: “Do we care to open our eyes and look at what our destiny holds, in relation to our current trajectory?’” and “Do we dare to exit the tunnel and look at the bigger picture to see what has been creeping up on us ‘while we have been away’?” [7 – 15]

Big Picture News

Energy Transition
Research and important recent reports suggest that, it is most likely already too late to convert all human energy requirements into renewable energies in time before fossil fuel energies run out.  [7,8,9,10]

Climate Change
Due to the industrial world’s impact on climate change, temperatures are set to rise well into the future, even if we cut C02 emissions right down right away. [11,12,13]

Mass Extinction
The World Wildlife Fund reports that, due to the human impact on the planet, earth is already deep into the 6th Mass Extinction which may seriously threaten the balance of the entire planetary eco-system. [14,15]

Coming Down

A combination of personal self-reliance, the ability to contribute and function within a community context, and emotional self-sufficiency has always been regarded as a set of crucially important personal commodities during difficult circumstances. Those lacking the required skills to function within a partial return-to-basics paradigm, which is something we are bound to encounter in the years ahead, may find themselves challenged during the transitional process.

However, those who pay close attention to what is happening in the real world and seek out real news (while discerning facts from fiction and drama from reality) and prepare accordingly, both internally and externally, stand a much better chance of finding themselves on higher ground when difficult times roll around.

By J.J. Montagnier

Copyright © 2016 · All Rights Reserved ·

References to and excerpts from this article may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to the author and with appropriate and specific direction to the original content – short link:

A shortened version of his article is available for publication – please contact the author.

References, Citations & Resources:


Research Papers:

[6] The Future of the Brain by Baroness Susan Greenfield:

(i): The Outrage Machine:
(ii): Play Again:
(iii): Generation Like by Douglas Rushkoff:
(iv): Cyberbullies: A Killer Network:
(v): Troll Hunters: BBC –
(vi): Before the Flood:

Brain Science & Related:

Big Picture News:



The Yin and Yang of Spirituality and the Future of Humanity

The Rights of Every Child

Mural: These are the rights of every child. Belfast, N. Ireland (2005). Photo by JJM.

The Yin and Yang of Spirituality

Carl Jung is famous for having brought the concept of working on shadow elements within the psyche into Western psychotherapy, although the process of self-therapy, self-transformation and psychic self-evaluation with subsequent spiritual elevation is indeed a very ancient practice. Advanced practice was perhaps considered to be found mainly in the realm of shamanism, priesthood and other high level spiritual roles. However, ancient civilizations and cultures integrated the identifying and processing of shadow characteristics also into their general spiritual and cosmological belief systems, but we find that these aspects are often not featured in popular spirituality today.

By having become relatively unconscious of the depth and nature of the individual shadow (which, according to Carl Jung, is a back-door to the collective shadow), behaviours and tendencies related to it have become more socially accepted. Unfortunately, the commercialization of spirituality means  that the positive, pleasant and easy elements of being spiritual are usually focused upon. The deeper, underlying issues often remain unexplored, so the necessary (challenging) transformation processes are not always engaged in and the shadow elements remain submerged and active or are only temporarily resolved until it appears again later. This means that modern forms of spirituality often serve predominantly as forms of spiritual entertainment or as vehicles for spiritual escapism without reaching its full depth or potential.

Perhaps if we had been paying more attention to the collective shadow elements within our societies (as a priority) since the end of the Second World War, as Carl Jung had strongly suggested, we may have been more prepared for some of the crises we are experiencing at present and those yet to come. However, as Jung also said: large portions of society remain blissfully unaware of how world peace and stability hang on a fine thread (then and now). We have never been this connected as a species in our entire history and so distracted at the same time, mostly by choice.

The awareness that all citizens of the world are responsible for contributing towards world peace and maintaining it is somehow lacking. We are living in one of the most prosperous periods in time in the history of the world, but with the developed world being far ahead. In terms of power and influence, countries which possess the most of it, carry the highest responsibility. With power comes responsibility and it is the duty of the citizens of powerful countries to remind their politicians and leaders of the responsibility to act peacefully for the greater good of humanity, not least because virtually all powerful nations put themselves forward as democratic and peace-loving.

On a personal level: Dr Jung explained in a documentary interview, Matter of Heart, that we are all uniquely born with certain characteristics and attributes within a certain historical and cultural context. That means that we each have a personal responsibility to reach the highest state possible as an individual person within that context. By doing so we participate fully and play our part to the best of our ability as individual elements within the large organism that is humanity, in the theatre of life and the universe.

The very first step towards that process is having respect for yourself (your Self, not your ego) and that process starts within. The nature of that respect is respect for your higher-self and that higher self can take a third person view to approaching and resolving internal and external conflicts. The advantage of the third person view is that almost everything can be viewed as “theatre”, (but) with a proactive, problem solving objective in mind. In other words, the spectator is observing in order to learn how to improve, adjust, or resolve his or her own approach or behaviour by comparing with what is being observed. Without taking the third person point of view, what is being observed is often copied instead of transcended.

The higher-self is beyond the ego and has a much wider perspective and expanded vision. By living our lives from that position we are the closest we can get to non-duality on a permanent basis. A person who is peaceful within, will shun conflict. A person who comes from the heart, won’t have the heart to harm another – and will motivate others not to do so either. Those who have maintained (and have respect for) their own traditions and values within their own communities and countries, will have respect for other nations and groups who have likewise maintained theirs within their own countries or regions.

A tradition-less, value-less, culture-less world is a world with sails falling in the winds, a world drifting without an anchor. It is a destabilized world with no direction, no heart and no spirit. It is a world without a stable core, without balance – the balance within missing.  That balance within the world can only be found within each individual person. The more balanced all of us become, the more balanced the world outside will be. 

Within the framework of international cooperation and conflict resolution, in the context of a balanced world, nations who come from histories of dominance would do their best to refrain from returning to or repeating such history – and take the High Road. Nations, cultures or groups with histories of having been harmed or persecuted or wronged, would refrain from enacting retribution or turning to the same methods as those who have harmed them – and take the High Road.

The above is, of course, a tall order, but when we observe and learn from the theatre of history, taking the high road is the only road which will lead to genuine progress, harmony and balance, as opposed to a false sense of progress that focuses on a narrow view of who is the most powerful or “progressive” and therefore the most “exceptional”. This approach is usually at the disadvantage of others and tends to contribute to the perpetuation of the cycle of violence indefinitely.

Mutual respect amongst nations is the bedrock of international peace and stability, but it relies on everyone participating equally. Similarly, for democracy to work a respect for its institutions is required. Over and above that, democracy relies on a certain level of moral responsibility and conscience-based ethics being present within those that ascribe or commit to it and it naturally relies on a basic understanding of what democracy means in the first place.

By considering the rights of children, within the context of various conflict zones around the world and also within our own societies in relation to what they are exposed to, we may be able to reflect on how far we have drifted away from our claims of being humanitarian, peace-loving, democratic and a force for good.

Perhaps it is time for all peace-loving peoples to request their governments to kindly de-escalate all tensions which could potentially lead to major conflicts and the harming of civilians and children. We owe it to the future of a stable and balanced world. We owe it to the future of our children and to their children’s children. Not least, we owe it  to our higher-selves and the legacy that we wish to leave behind.

“The human being who starts by withdrawing his own shadow from his neighbour is doing work of immense, immediate political and social importance.” – Carl Jung (as quoted by Sir Laurence v.d Post)

Also see: The Shift Of The Stages

J.J. Montagnier © 2016. All Rights Reserved.

Jean-Jacques is an international travel writer and photographer – he writes under a pen name. He has a career in adult education, is a student of psychology and philosophy and is involved in non-commercial life coaching. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author.

Building the New World Within (10) – What is Enlightenment?

Berlin Wall. Photograph by Jean-Jacques. © 1998 - 2016. All Rights Reserved.

Berlin Wall. Photograph by Jean-Jacques. © 1998 – 2016. All Rights Reserved.


In this series we are exploring reasons for humanity going in repetitive negative loops and we are looking at ways in which we can spiral upwards out of our unhealthy and destructive patterns, onwards into a more balanced future.


Theatre has many objectives. It can entertain or educate or both. It can mesmerise or bring consciousness. It can motivate and inspire. It can provoke or shock. Theatre holds a mirror up to reality and can evoke inner change. Theatre can be evolutionary. It all depends on how we engage with it. By merely passively observing the play in front of us no (positive) transformation can or will take place. When we engage with it we can either do so positively or negatively.

Soap Opera

One of the reasons why soap opera (television theatre) has always enjoyed popularity is because it focuses on the shadow sides of characters; their deceit, deviousness, envy, hate, lust for power, wanting revenge and so forth. This allows viewers to “indulge” in the dramatized shadow displays of fictional characters. Passively enjoying shadow drama as entertainment is probably better than being in denial about the shadow. On the other hand, over time, exaggerated shadow theatre across various platforms can come to be perceived as a reflection of standard human behaviour. The same can be said for extreme violence depicted in various types of entertainment media.

Civilization and its Discontents [1]

[1]”In this seminal book, Sigmund Freud enumerates what he sees as the fundamental tensions between civilization and the individual. The primary friction, he asserts, stems from the individual’s quest for instinctive freedom and civilization’s contrary demand for conformity  and repression of instincts.” – Wikipedia

Romancing the Shadow

The expectations of society for morality and civility has the effect that people suppress many of their shadow-related tendencies which is one of the reasons why the shadow tends to hold such fascination. Highlighting the shadow in others is however more pleasant than having to identify it within ourselves. This selective identification can sometimes become a strategy for avoiding having to notice the internal shadow at all. In the most unhealthy cases, this approach can even be used to purposefully direct attention away from an individual or group’s own shadow behaviours or activities by accusing others of the (same) behaviour.

Dealing with the Shadow

Whatever we suppress can come out unexpectedly in “weird and (not so) wonderful” ways. To avoid that and to alleviate the pressure of suppressed shadow material, “integration of the shadow” must occur. This means that at the very least a conscious acknowledgement of the particular suppressed material must take place. By looking internally at the causes of certain reactions, behaviours and negative approaches, the process can begin. If this is done honestly, thoroughly and consistently, the shadow elements would eventually dissipate or dissolve to the extent that they don’t feature significantly any more. This then would lead to consistent balanced behaviour, the result of having resolved negative cycles and shadow-loops.

Needless to say, a certain level of moral courage is needed for going through this process and that is up to each individual, group or society. If everyone keeps on avoiding dealing with their shadow and keep it suppressed in relation to how they behave towards other people or groups (identity politics) or other nations (geopolitics) or species or towards the planet (the “stage” we are acting upon); we may bring the very fate that so many dystopian films depict upon ourselves. For example, in the present day context it would seem that parts of the world is currently following a trajectory not dissimilar to the ones that led up to the first and second world wars.

Even with having the entire history of ancient shamanism and modern psychotherapy behind us, humanity still hasn’t made significant progress towards dealing with the collective shadow. History therefore has a tendency of repeating. Considering this failure, which we may as well acknowledge, it is perhaps now time to finally turn to internal and external conflict resolution methods by returning to internal transformation practices first,  without leaving out the “difficult parts”, and draw upon the vast archive of information accumulated by ancient and modern day scholars and analysts in this regard.  

“There is no coming to consciousness without pain. People will do anything, no matter how absurd, in order to avoid facing their own Soul. Enlightenment doesn’t occur from sitting around visualizing images of light but from integrating the darker aspects of the Self into the conscious personality” – Carl Jung

“Knowing your own darkness is the best method for dealing with the darkness of other people.” – Carl Jung

When an inner situation is not made conscious, it appears outside as fate. You meet your destiny on the road you take to avoid it. – Carl Jung

A Shadow Observatory

The shadow resides in all of us, no matter how much we like to think of ourselves as “nice people”, which we are of course, but we are also “not so nice” at times and this is especially true in group contexts. The most uninhibited examples of this can be observed in many on-line spaces nowadays. It is worth keeping in mind that having a shadow-side is a natural phenomenon of the human psyche. If we understand that the purpose of the shadow is to challenge us to growth, we can engage with it and transcend it. In addition, if we understand that one of the main reasons for being in “the theater of life” is to learn how to deal with the shadow – and that our very survival as a species depends on it, we may find the appropriate motivation and courage to deal with this issue.

Shying away from shining a light into the darker corners of the inner world is counter-productive to transformation of the Self and by extension humanity. This transformation is a process which Carl Jung described as turning dark matter into gold. Generally speaking we don’t do nearly enough shadow processing as individuals to allow for the general and necessary process of enlightening society as a whole. In fact, by having blended the on-line and off-line worlds in recent years, we have probably been doing much less shadow work than ever before. To an extent we have most likely enhanced the collective shadow, due to fewer barriers towards shadow-behaviour (on-line). Nevertheless, the upside to all this is that it provides us with the perfect opportunity to use on-line social behaviour as “a fish-bowl shadow observatory” and learn from it.

To be continued…

Also see: Shift Of The Stages

By J.J. Montagnier

© 2016. All Rights Reserved.

This is Part 10 in a series.

Jean-Jacques is an international travel writer and photographer – he writes under a pen name. He has a career in adult education, is a student of psychology and philosophy and is involved in non-commercial life coaching. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author.

The Shifting Stages

Recoleta Angel

 Recoleta, Buenos Aires (March 2016). Photo by Jean-Jacques.

All the world’s a stage. As actors in the theatre of life we are all here to play our part(s), consciously or unconsciously. Here we are, finding ourselves present at this stage in time during a shifting paradigm. In the old, but still present age it felt like the stage had been set and most of us were simply reading our lines. It was perhaps not always understood why we were in the theatre in the first place. In the incoming age our destined roles are more clear and the new paradigm is more fluid.

The old decaying stage appears to have been taken over by bad actors and is deteriorating rapidly. Ethical actors are looking for an ascending stage to board. Standing on the edge of the old, looking into the new, the new play comes into view. While the old play depended on smart and clever acting skills and wearing sophisticated masks, the new play calls for natural intuitive authenticity. Old stage methods in the new stage are bound to fail, because as we shift masks come off and stage curtains lift.

Roles are changing. Transitioning actors are becoming scriptwriters while watching themselves on stage. They are rewriting the script and improving their parts from low to high-level performances.  A drama, currently scripted to end in tragedy is being rewritten into a coming of age tale of transformation, rebirth and altered fate. This is a multi-dimensional theatre and shifting actors are becoming aware that by being in this one they are also present in others. Should the old stage disintegrate or fall away completely (a real possibility) responsible actors will be able to continue elsewhere.

Transforming stage acting from surface to core acting is being necessitated by a new element filtering into the auditorium. Many actors are facing challenges with adapting, but the best method has existed for a long time. By taking the spectator view, script writing actors can carefully observe themselves and all other actors on stage. Here they can self-identify areas which need improvement and transform themselves purposefully, while going forward. The challenging aspect of (a) majority transformation in the theater of everyday life, is that few actors are prepared to acknowledge their own low-level acting.

There is still a significant number of actors who prefer to remain in the old stage, even with the new stage coming into view. In these matters all actors have free will and choice. The new stage is still small, but can accommodate all actors from the old platform. A final revival in the old stage is still possible, but close to irreversible decay has set in due to complacency. Currently the old and new stages are overlapping, but their trajectories will diverge. Making the shift sooner will be easier than later.

While the new stage is calling for all participants to make this transition, many actors seem oblivious of their options. The stages are in the same theater, but by rejecting the existence of other stages, some actors restrict their own view. One of the reasons is that the new stage demands active stage maintenance from the outset and a basic requirement is acting responsibly towards the entire spectrum of life within the theater. This new paradigm is not for the faint-hearted, it is for the full of heart. Finding your Heart is Key. However, at the end of the day each scriptwriter will have the last say in his or her own personal  play.

By J.J. Montagnier

Also see: What is Enlightenment?

Jean-Jacques is an international travel writer and photographer – he writes under a pen name. He has a career in adult education, is a student of psychology and philosophy and is involved in non-commercial life coaching. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author.

Copyright © 2016 · All Rights Reserved · Gypsy Café

Building The New World Within (9) – What is Progress?

Berlin Wall, Germany by Jean-Jacques M. © 1998 -2014. All Rights Reserved.

Berlin Wall, Germany by Jean-Jacques M. © 1998 -2016. All Rights Reserved.

What is Progress?

In the 1993 film, Groundhog Day, we saw Bill Murray’s character calling the weather bureau from a pay phone at a filling station during a blizzard. He needed urgent weather information, but could not access the internet via his Smartphone. At the time of the film, Smartphones did not exist yet. He could not even make a call from the comfort of his company’s vehicle, because cellular network reception was limited to large urban areas and the crew was stranded on a traffic-jammed motorway. Mobile phones had only just started evolving from being the proverbial “bricks” in terms of size, shape and weight. Equally, the team was not able to navigate their way back to the studio by way of GPS maps and apps while following the storm’s progress in real time. They had no choice but to return to Punxsutawney. 

Technology certainly has its advantages, but everything has a price. When something is gained, something is also inevitably lost. This is a law of nature that most of us understand and, generally, we accept this trade-off. In the context of the film, had advanced technologies been available in 1993, Phil would most certainly have made his best attempts to get back to Philadelphia as soon as possible – and Groundhog Day would not have happened. Thus, the opportunity for Phil’s personal transformation would have been lost. Giving up difficult personal growth experiences for convenience, speed and ease, is a no-brainer in today’s environment. In an instant-everything world, the contrary has little value.

“We are living in what the Greeks called the right time for a ‘metamorphosis of the gods’, i.e. of the fundamental principles and symbols. This peculiarity of our time, which is certainly not of our conscious choosing, is the expression of the unconscious man within us who is changing. Coming generations will have to take account of this momentous transformation if humanity is not to destroy itself through the might of its own technology and science” (Carl Gustav Jung, 1957: The Undiscovered Self, p.110).

Jung was suggesting that we should not get completely carried away with technology and science, to the extent that we lose sight of ourselves (our Selves). Being unconscious and excessively distracted could preclude us from doing just that, because without taking stock of ourselves from time to time, there can be no self-awareness and without self-awareness there can be no self-knowledge. Without self-knowledge, we would not become aware of “the unconscious man within us changing“. This change that Jung was referring to was related to the collective unconscious of humanity entering into a time of transition, the faint beginnings of which he could already sense in 1957.

Carl Jung was, perhaps, not the only person to sound advance warnings, but he was probably the most prominent Western expert in the field of the human psyche and consciousness to do so. Generally though, not many people would have imagined that within 50 years we would be discarding books for hand-held digital devices, history for fiction, cinematic art for special effects and long essays for 140 characters; that we would be connected 24/7 and have our free time dissipate until there would be hardly any left; and how we would end up having fewer face-to-face interactions, limited time for deep inner reflection and little time for discovering our true selves, contrary to the touted advantages of new technologies which were supposed to free up more of our time.

Electronic mobile and wireless systems have been introduced like an avalanche onto human systems. Using so many technologies, platforms and applications at the same time – and continuously – whilst also expecting to maintain an equilibrium with mind, body and spirit, is proving to be an ongoing challenge. Although we are loath to admit it – the idea being counter-intuitive to common perception – the sheer scale of our technological advancement has, in fact, led to regression in some areas, indiscernible perhaps to the blissfully distracted, but obvious to those not completely caught up in the blizzard of new gadgets, apps and platforms.

Various effects of voluntary overexposure to technologies have already been identified through research, with results freely available to the public. Our main interest in this topic is with the impact that technology has on our free time and mind space which are required for personal development and growth. Therefore, in the context of reflecting upon where we have come from, where we are at present and where we are going to, we will now review the exponential boom in technology in recent decades and delve into some of the behavioural and societal changes generally observable in many societies today.

Television and Free Time

Excessive time spent in front of television sets had always been considered potentially harmful to children. “Back in the day” before mobile technologies, it was common practice for parents to restrict TV screen time, typically by having children do homework first and allowing viewing time afterwards as a reward, or by ushering kids out of the house during the day so that they could play with their friends instead of spending too much time in front of the television.

Children continued to participate in activities traditionally considered important for natural child development. Over time, parental management of children’s television viewing habits dwindled and gave way to teenagers having TV sets in their rooms, until eventually even younger children received them – it not being seen as an age-related privilege anymore. Here, we saw the beginnings of a clear trend towards adult rights being assigned to children from a younger age.

Although television played a significant role in people’s lives for decades, it still continued to remain a leisure activity restricted to home life; it was not blended in with school or university or work. Television was only socially significant during home-based activities and in bars and pubs. When people went out of their homes, they left their TV screens behind. When they entered the workplace, school or university campus, they were focused on the activities taking place in their immediate environment, bar the usual natural distractions. Multi-tasking to the extent necessary today was not encouraged or considered very important.

Unfiltered exposure to the immediate environment and direct personal interactions facilitated full awareness of the present moment resulting in a richer and deeper experience. During free time, for example while walking or driving or travelling by public transport (when not listening to music), sights and sounds, imagery and random thoughts were triggered leading to reflections on community, society, culture and life in general. This, in turn, allowed insights and reflections on one’s own life or one’s place in the world, motivating the formulation of future plans to achieve personal ambitions and dreams or reflecting on what had already been achieved. Alternatively, free time simply resulted in the mind taking a natural rest as opposed to being over-stimulated all the time. All of the aforementioned still happen today, but have to compete for mind space occupied and preoccupied with a whole new world online.  

In the past, ample – or in today’s terms, “too much” – free time demanded to be filled in, because of “the existential vacuum”. As famous psychiatrist Viktor Frankl explained in his book Man’s Search for Meaning, this often manifests in people as something which could be described as “a void within”. It is this void which tends be experienced as a type of meaninglessness in life, and was originally caused by the combination of the loss of instinct (a built-in guidance system) when humans evolved over time and the loss of tradition (a framework for knowing what to do) when societies progressed to modern individualism.

Traditionally, our extra free time used to be taken up by family time spent together, or being immersed in a personal hobby or distraction-free time spent with close friends, or with being completely caught up in a good book or, perhaps, by spending time at a bricks and mortar social or sports club. Thus, the kaleidoscope of life in the local community had ample room for flourishing naturally and – mostly – distraction free.

Discovering and working on one’s underlying talents, skills and creative gifts were naturally motivated through inevitable, but necessary restlessness and boredom (as depicted in Groundhog Day). Authentic personality development came about through direct face-to-face interactions, and conscious character development was necessitated by having to claim one’s place in the real world as opposed to developing avatars from behind digital screens in a virtual world. Having enough personal time away from social communications created the space for qualifying personal beliefs, values and ethics and fostered the building of strong individual identity within.

The Arrival of the Smartphone

Early advanced mobile phones and PDAs (personal digital assistants) were originally used by people in certain professions such as doctors, lawyers, accountants and Information Technology professionals. These devices were favoured due to their multi-purpose functionality and were known as the technological “Swiss Army knives” of the time, but – very much unlike today – people in general didn’t have much use for them.  There was no point in using something one didn’t really need, and people still preferred keeping their lives relatively simple. Basic cell phones with basic functions sufficed for a while longer.

Eventually, fast internet access, along with the further development of mobile technologies and the proliferation of social media platforms and applications, turned once-simple cell phones into advanced and indispensable interactive connectivity accessories. Today, using them for social networking and various other entertainment purposes by far supersedes their traditional purpose and functionality which take up much more time than what basic functions of old phones ever did.

Balancing Smartphones and Free Time

Wherever we go, people are connected and preoccupied with their devices, even when they are together. The ubiquitous Smartphone is ever-present during work time, on campus, at school, at home, during leisure activities, during many sports activities, when walking on sidewalks or in the park, while driving cars, when having meals in restaurants and when using public transport systems. Talking loudly – in public areas – with headphones to someone into a phone is a common phenomenon. In short, virtually all activities which would traditionally have been given a person’s full attention, with few exceptions, have become blended in with Smartphone use. This is the case with people ranging from the relatively young to the relatively old, which is in stark contrast to no more than 10 to 15 years ago when this was not the case.

Technology and Child Development

Lots of parents seem to be making digital devices available to children in their pre-teens, and it is not always clear whether any restrictions are being placed on using them. How parents manage their children is rightfully a parental and private matter, but it can be assumed that many parents are not always completely aware of what their children are doing online, or exactly how much time they spend there. Compared with television, managing internet access on mobile devices is a more complicated matter. From a management point of view, this is one of the areas where we have not yet fully adapted to mobile technologies. This shows how the introduction of complex, boundary-breaking technologies can permanently shake up established habits and practices.

Research points to the fact that many children go to bed with their phones switched on next to them, and a number of parents readily admit that they provide their children with Smartphones or tablets to “keep them happy” or because “it keeps them quiet”, while at home or in the car. Unfortunately, the outsourcing of dedicated parental time to technology is all too prevalent and easy. In the television age, parental controls were considered obvious and necessary, while in the age of the Smartphone the jury seems to be out.  There are exceptions, of course, but parental control today is a far cry from what it used to be in the past. When it comes to computers, Smartphones, gaming and television, many children are assigned adult roles in terms of self-management and “are left up to their own devices”.

It’s not only children who spend a lot of time online. Parents, and even grandparents, have much less time to interface with their children; their free time is constrained and their concentration levels are affected. Children and young people are much more vulnerable to being overexposed to technology though, because they have not yet fully developed. Children need both the space (the free time) and the structure (parental guidance and positive role models) to do so. Without these, their personal development can become stinted. In effect, many children are not developing their own individual personal identities naturally – separate from attaching them to their online personas in relation to role models online.

The idea of parents wanting their children to be part of the in-group has led to teenagers – and even pre-teens – receiving expensive electronic goods as a matter of course, with children rarely being expected to contribute to costs. Instead of having to “earn them” in order to instill an understanding of the value of expensive items, these appliances are often provided by parents as “the basic necessities of life”. Often, they are replaced relatively frequently when new models are issued and old models fall out of fashion, which points to how affluent societies have become in terms of access to readily available, highly advanced, but relatively affordable consumer electronics.

Mobile technologies are not forced upon anyone. At the end of the day, the consumption of any products or services, other than the genuine basic necessities, lies in the arena of free choice. Yet, it is also worth noting that following trends has always played a big role in society. Therefore, the question of whether it is appropriate to supply advanced technologies to children under a certain age, for example, tends to be somewhat controversial due to the autonomous status that parents enjoy. Criticising parenting is not considered politically correct when what is being criticised is practised by large sections or even swathes of society. The (often subconscious) reasoning is that “if everyone’s doing it, it must be okay”. Generally speaking, it would seem that normality-bias (when something becomes normalised) sets in as soon as a majority is perceived to have been reached for an activity. Due to high levels of interconnectivity today, it is likely that normality-bias sets in even sooner than before. 

Ethics and morality are inherent and present in all people and societies, but they can weaken or shift. When values and morals are discarded over time, they tend to be replaced by new variations on the theme. A case in point would be, for example, when inner, self-guiding personal morals or ethics, combined with independent thought, end up being replaced with external group consensus motivated political correctness – devoid of critical thought – resulting in compromised personal autonomy and potentially contributing to the loss of self-agency. This is also known as de-individuation, i.e. group consciousness takes over from individual consciousness.

Environmental Effects

There is no doubt that groundbreaking technological developments are and have always been crucial for human advancement. The question that we are grappling with in the current part of our discussion is: ‘’How should advancement or progress be qualified?’’ Should it be framed within the context of improved convenience, speed and ease, without any concern for limited resources or environmental impacts? On the other hand, should progress, perhaps, be applied to the ability of achieving advancement and progression naturally with as little environmental damage as possible and within the concept of limited resources? Put differently, at what point does progress become the contrary?

At this point, we can touch on the issue of rare earth metals. All mobile technologies and computer systems and an array of other advanced modern technologies contain these elements. They are considered to be the “magic ingredients” which make it possible for our technologies to become as advanced as they are. As the name suggests, “rare earths” are difficult to extract and are in limited supply, although not in the conventional sense. They are, in fact, found all around the world, but in small quantities and often in places where mining is not possible or where they cannot be extracted due to other serious complications.

These elements are indispensable and are required in large volumes in the production of green energies such as wind turbines and solar panels. With increased consumer demand for mobile technologies and consumer electronics, the demand for rare earth metals has skyrocketed in recent years. One of the main reasons for green technologies being so expensive to implement is the cost of rare earth metals. For example, one large wind turbine needs as much as 2 tons during the manufacturing process. Modern Smartphones contain as much as 60 rare earths (in minute quantities), up from around the 20 rare earths needed in old cell phones in the mid- 1990s.

Within this context, one might imagine that from a position of responsibility rare earths might be conserved and kept in reserve to be allocated mainly towards critical purposes. The question of whether mass entertainment needs “should take priority” would not arise in the future if there were unlimited supplies of rare earth elements in the ground. Of course, at the present time, we are not running out, but research suggests that it is very likely that shortages will arise within the next few decades due to complexities in relation to the cost effectiveness of extracting rare earths. Several of these elements have no substitutes or replacements at all, which leads directly to the heart of the nature of limited resources. 

Rare earth metals being used in consumer gadgets and devices is not common knowledge. It is questionable, however, whether such knowledge would reduce the over-consumption of personal electronics. We can take the example of cheap clothing which started coming into Western stores from Asia a few years ago. The sweatshop conditions of the workers initially generated outrage amongst consumers. It flared up for a while, but over time the ethical outrage subsided to a point where it more or less disappeared. Therefore, we can deduce that there is a lack of sustained will in relation to ethical responsibility.

The bottom line is that people really love shopping, to the extent that they would rather not want to think about where products come from or what goes into them. No one likes their conscience being unsettled. However, the low-cost bulk supply of highly advanced consumer technologies may not be sustainable indefinitely. Somewhere along the line, raw material supply problems will arise and prices will spike, making the current type of planned obsolescence (limited lifespan) type of manufacturing redundant. 

The Need for Entertainment

Nobody disputes the need for entertainment and being socially connected. Obviously, we need to relax too, and humans are social animals after all. In fact, we have, perhaps, become the most social animals of all. Human civilisation has progressed to the extent that we are able to prioritise socialising above all else. Through industrialisation and modernisation, we have achieved levels of safety and comfort that negate virtually all previous (“primitive”) survival considerations and demands.

It is not clear, however, whether we are able to curtail our enhanced entertainment requirements. In fact, the concept of limiting entertainment consumption flies directly in the face of everything that consumer culture stands for. Underlying and also unifying our linguistic, ethnic, geographic, historic and other differences in the world, is consumer culture, the dominant culture of the day in many parts of the world. Considering that we have built this culture on the premise of infinite resources, brain science is not needed to determine that, eventually, the proverbial bottom will drop out, considering that we live on a planet with finite resources.

Questions on Necessity & Moral Responsibility

If adults are not responsible for their own consumption management and those of their children, then who is? From a post-modern point of view, it would, perhaps, be preferred that the question would be framed differently, for example: “Is moral responsibility even relevant anymore?” or “Who is to decide what is considered to be morally correct and what is not?” Which brings us to another question: Does progress and being progressive mean, perhaps, having the privilege of being able to forfeit (or outsource) personal responsibility without judgment? If we answer in the affirmative, then we may be tempted to blame our consumption habits on advertising or on marketing techniques or on being enticed by too much choice, or indeed on peer pressure. If we answer in the negative, we may have to conclude that decision-making processes are ultimately up to us as individuals and that they rely solely on our capacity to act autonomously as adults.

The fact remains that when people stop caring and no-one steps in to do the caring for them, responsibility lapses. Personal freedom means that the state rarely interferes with parenting, and so parents have near complete autonomy in this regard. Some post-modern parents, for example, may rightly or wrongly consider themselves to be progressive by outsourcing parental duties to screens, devices and apps, “because everyone is doing it”. Due to moral relativity, positions of “good” or “bad”, or “right” or “wrong”, are perceived as being redundant or irrelevant. Normality-bias then sets the direction of the general flow of doing things, and internal motivations to the contrary don’t feature (anymore).    

It has been said by wise men and women (Carl Popper, Eleanor Roosevelt, Nelson Mandela and Viktor Frankl [16])  that with freedom comes responsibility, but it would seem that “the ultimate freedom” we so yearn for is a freedom from responsibility, a type of return  to the womb syndrome where everything is taken care of, for us and on our behalf.

Symbols of Progress

Technology as a symbol of progress means that we feel that by merely engaging with it makes us progressive. “The more we engage with it, the more progressive we become”. Even if we know this not to be (exactly) true, we know that using and owning technology give an outwardly impression of being advanced. For many people, the idea of being progressive provides for a sense of identity, and living by or through technology has caused it to become a type of modern-day religion. We believe that technology will save the day – and it being our appointed saviour means that we cannot “blaspheme” against it. The potential side effects of technology are, therefore, not dwelled upon much. For example, many people believe that if we don’t manage to limit the destructive results of our largesse, we can always colonise Mars and make it habitable with future, as yet undeveloped, technologies. In the same vein, when we run out of resources on Earth, we believe we could go and mine them on another planet, or, perhaps, we will extract them from passing asteroids. When weather patterns really start wreaking havoc, we would develop relevant technological solutions on demand or, for example, should severe draught arrive in parts of the world, our scientists and engineers may create advanced rain-making technologies.

Having these vague and somewhat far-fetched solutions in the back of our minds means that life can continue as per normal. The fact that rare earth metals may be needed to build the space craft necessary to travel to these remote destinations or to develop any of the other future technologies we believe in, is somehow, not factored in. 

Information and Distraction

Being overly stimulated and constantly distracted has the effect of a person rarely being in the present moment fully, which has no doubt – and, perhaps, ironically – contributed to a major interest in the popular self-help genre of “the power of (being in) the present moment”. Typically, the more we fill up our free time with online activities, the more the psyche subconsciously craves for more free time, an ever-moving goalpost. The human psyche naturally seeks equilibrium which demands uncluttered personal time and space. When something is out of sync, we will often be guided through intuition to correct the imbalance, and when not resolved the need for balance persists, eventually causing mental fatigue, anxiety and stress.

Blurring the Lines

We do not need to be clinical psychologists to come to know our ego and mind processes – namely, our emotions, our feelings, our shadow parts, our fears, our rational and irrational thoughts, our actions and reactions, our needs, our wants and our desires. On the contrary, we can only get to know ourselves when we think carefully about all these components of our personalities in relation to real life events and experiences. When online events become our main reference points, there is an overlap and reality can become “blurred”. For example, many young people experience their online world to be more authentic, because it is more colourful, interactive and dynamic compared to the perceived drabness of everyday life (offline). 

A Point to Ponder

From a personal development point of view, when we don’t have enough real life reference points – because they are shifted into the background – and we are living a filtered and blurred existence with limited time both for reflection and the conscious integration of real life experiences and lessons learned from them, then individuation stagnates.

Given our preoccupation with modern technology, a question worth pondering is:  If or when “the unconscious man (or woman) within us” starts changing (individually), as Carl Jung foresaw, would we be alert enough to become aware of it?

[16] Quotes:

“While we do maintain some level of instinct, the human being can go beyond instinct. But that also means the human becomes all the more responsible for its existence. The human has the ability to make choices and to reflect upon those choices and determine whether or not they are advancing in a positive or negative direction.”Viktor Frankl, Man’s Search for Meaning

“Freedom makes a huge requirement of every human being. With freedom comes responsibility. For the person who is unwilling to grow up, the person who does not want to carry  his own weight, this is a frightening prospect… … Many men and women who are far happier when they have relinquish their freedom, when someone else guides them, makes their decisions for them, takes the responsibility for them and their actions. They don’t want to make up their minds. They don’t want to stand on their own feet.” Eleanor Roosevelt

“We often hear it asserted that most people do not really want freedom, because freedom involves responsibility, and most people  are frightened of responsibility. Whether or not this applies to ‘most people’ there is, I am sure, a vital element of truth in it.” Carl Popper

“With freedom comes responsibilities, and I dare not linger, for my long walk has not ended yet.” Nelson Mandela

By Jean-Jacques Montagnier

© 2016. All Rights Reserved.

This is Part 9 in a series.

To be continued…

J.J. Montagnier is an international travel writer and photographer – he writes under a pen name. He has a career in adult education, is a student of psychology and philosophy and is involved in non-commercial life coaching. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author.

Further reading, citations and references: